Addiction and Dependence


bfi Matura English- Topic Addiction
Tatjana Reicher
Flashcards by Tatjana Reicher, updated more than 1 year ago
Tatjana Reicher
Created by Tatjana Reicher about 8 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Definition of Addiction one uses substances or does activities in an uncontrollable habit the addictive behavior is counter-productive (=it is harmful to the person and his/her environment) often the person is not aware that he/she is addicted because they feel happy with their situation
Risk Factors (1) which reasons are likely to lead to addiction Genes: if you have parents or close relatives who are addicts, you are more likely to become an addict as well, compared to others Mental Illness: often mentally ill people use substances or addictive activities to flee from their problems. E.g. anxiety, mood illnesses or depression Early use of Drugs: the earlier a person starts with drugs, the harder he can get rid of the habit Social Environment: people who are surrounded by other people who take drugs, or simply, who have a bad influence on the person are at risk of becoming addicted
Risk Factors (2) Childhood Trauma: if a person has had extremely bad experiences in their childhood, e.g. abuse or persistent conflicts, they are likely to become addicts to be bored curiosity to break out from reality poverty bullying bad idols less/no knowledge about effects
Stages of Addiction or How does someone become an addict? it starts with trying out goes on with continued occasional use then the tolerance level rises and the person already needs more of the drug and also more often consequently, the person is dependent on the drug already and uses it regularly in high amounts finally the person is addicted, which means he can't stop his/her habit anymore and also can't live without it anymore
Different Types of Drugs uppers downers hallucinogens legal illegal
Uppers uppers stimulate the mind, they make you more awake and active coffee, energy drinks, amphetamines, ecstasy etc.
Downers these substances slow the body down, they reduce anxiety, make people feel tired alcohol, tranquilizers, heroin
Alcohol short time effects slurred speech problems with coordination= can't walk or stand upright aggression less control over sexual behavior
Alcohol long term effects the liver may become severely damaged the nervous system can be affected- e.g. intelligence can get less, anxiety can appear, confusion, impotence diabetes weakening of the heart stroke high blood pressure and many more
Alcohol Binge Drinking - definition mainly young people binge drinking means drinking a large amount of alcohol in a short time until total loss of control only aim is to get drunk fast
Alcohol Binge Drinking- harmful effects affects your ability to learn and to concentrate long after the your hangover lack of concentration accidents and aggression appear sexual situations get out of control health problems occur
Undesired Side-Effects and Withdrawal Symptoms of any addiction emotional: anxiety restlessness insomnia headache poor concentration depression
Physical Side-Effects and Withdrawal Symptoms sweating racing heart muscle tension (Muskelzucken) difficulty with breathing tremor (starkes zittern) stroke heart disease
New Addictions internet addiction smartphone addiction
Smartphone/Internet Addiction Symptoms (1) forget to eat and sleep more and more hours online/engaged with phone if they have to leave their smartphone or don't have access to the net they suffer from withdrawal symptoms fatigue lower grades urge to be online or on the phone constantly fear of missing out on smth
Smartphone Addiction Symptoms (2) checking every 5 minutes don't engage in other activities anymore extreme attention to phone-sounds
Treatment of Smartphone or Internet Addiction use your phone's camera as just a camera= no facebook posts have a no-phone zone (e.g. one room in your home) cut your phone from your morning and night routine = don't take it to the bedroom, don't touch it the hour before you go to bed, don't set it as an alarm clock set a phone-free time set social-media times
Consequences of Addiction in your Personal Environment family: break up, fights, problems, bad idol for younger family members, lack of trust friends: make them also addicted, peer pressure, bad "friendships" develop, old friends no longer interesting school and job: less concentration, suspension, skipping job/school, bad grades, losing job, losing respect, bad reputation health: physical dependence, blackouts, addiction is in focus all the time finances: spending money on addiction, bad credit, criminality, going into dept
Treatment Where can you get help? GP- the first person to ask, can refer you to a specialist or drug agency drug agency street-worker telephone help-line self-help group
Protective Factors (1) Which factors can help not to become an addict? to know about the risks of certain activities and substances and their effects to see and understand what an addiction means to a person intact family friends without addictions a healthy attitude towards your body don't want to become a criminal
Protective Factors (2) recreational activities hobbies a good job strong character
Possible Characters for the Matura Task street-worker teacher youth club coach volunteer for drug agency group leader of a self-help group volunteer for telephone help-line GP
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