Confusing words and false friends


General Lengua Inglesa II Flashcards on Confusing words and false friends, created by Manuel Lujan on 04/21/2016.
Manuel Lujan
Flashcards by Manuel Lujan, updated more than 1 year ago
Manuel Lujan
Created by Manuel Lujan over 6 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Aberrant Abhorrent Aberrant (adj.): not normal; unusual, different from the expected; e. g. "It was aberrant of him to raise his voice against his unfair trait and stand in his dignity; he had always been so submissive! Abhorrent (adj.): detestable, repugnant; e. g. "Racism is abhorrent."
Adopt Adapt Adopt (v.): to take on and use as one's own; e. g. "If your study methods are efficient, I think I'm going to adopt them." Adapt (v.): to change (oneself or something else) in order to fit in a certain situation; e. g. "After living my whole life in a small town, adapting to the big city was very hard."
Adverse Averse Adverse (adj.): negative, harmful, troublesome; e. g. "Cockroaches are strong animals; they can live under very adverse conditions." Averse (adj.): strongly opposed (to something); feeling aversion (to it); e. g. "The leader of the party is averse to abortion and homosexuality."
Alternately Alternatively Alternately (adv.): in an alternating sequence or position; e. g. "The film wasn't neither good nor bad; it was alternately exciting and boring." Alternatively (adv.): used for making a new suggestion as an alternative; e. g. "We can go by car. Alternatively, we could go by bus."
Amused Besumed Amused (adj.): entertained, pleasantly occupied; e. g. "Watering the plants keeps me amused." Bemused (adj.): confused, bewildered; e. g. "We had a very deep conversation about Philosophy that left me bemused."
Assure Ensure Insure Assure (v.): to say that something is undoubtedly true or will happen for sure. Ensure (v.): to make certain that something will happen. Insure (v.): to provide or recive insurance; e. g. "I assure you that we will ensure that the house is insured against every damage."
Assist Attent Assist (v.): to help; e. g. "The teacher needs someone to assist her; she can't do everything on her own." Attend (v.): to be present (at certain situation or event); e. g. "The president is expected to attend a summit next week."
Bare Bear Bare (adj.): not covered (e. g., by clothes); naked. Bear (v.): (used in negative). If you don't bare someone or something, you dislike it very much; e. g. "I can't bare your girlfriend." Bear (v.): to endure; e. g. "she had to bear the pain all this time." Bear (v.): carry; e. g. "a warrior baring a sword." Bear in mind (v.): take into account and never forget; e. g. "We have to bare in mind who we ar and where we come from." Bare (n.): an animal.
Berth Birth Berth (n.): a bed on a train or ship. Birth (n.): the moment or process of a baby coming out to the world and being separated form its mother's body.
Censure Censor Censure (n.): severe criticism; e. g. "Don't be afraid of social censure for saying what you believe." Censure (v.): criticise severely; e. g. "His racist comments deserve to be censured." Censor (v.): remove parts of a book, film, etc. for moral or political reasons; e. g. "The government wants to censor the Internet." Censor (n.): a person whose job is to censor.
Chord Cord Chord (n.): group of three or more musical notes , Cord (n.): long, flexible string made of twisted strands; wire.
Climatic Climactic Climatic (adj.): refering to climate; e. g. "The climatic conditions of a region." Climactic (adj.): very exciting, being the climax; e. g. "The climactic scene of the film."
Complacent Complaisant Complacent (adj.): self-satisfied, with a situation and unwilling to change it, up to a point that may be unwise or inconvenient; e. g. "The current economic situation seems stable, but we cannot afford to be complacent." Complaisant (adj.): willing to satisfy others; e. g. "He's a good friend, helpful and complaisant."
Complement Compliment Complement (v.): to add or to be added in order to improve something; e. g. "He's a great footballer; his strength complements his speed." Complement (n.): something that complements something else. Compliment (n.): something said to praise someone or to express approval; "She always pays me compliments on my intelligence." Compliment (v.): pay compliments.
Compose Comprise Compose (v.): make up (a whole), be the part (of something); e. g. "Twenty three provinces compose Argentina"; "Argentina is composed of 23 provinces." Comprise (v.): have (something) as parts, be made up of; e. g. "Argentina comprises 23 provinces."
Comprehensive (adj.): including all or almost all elements; in Spanish, "completo", "amplio", "abarcador."
Congenial Congenital Congenial (adj.): (of a person) pleasant and friendly because of sharing one's own qualities or interests; (of a situation) pleasant and comfortable. Congenital (adj.): (of a feature, condition, etc.) happening or present since birth.
Consistent (adj.): in agreement, compatible; e. g. "His alibi is consistent with the facts"; in agreement with itself, coherent; e. g. "A consistent leftist"; in Spanish, "congruente", "consecuente."
Continual Continuous Continuous (adj.): continuing without stopping. Continual (adj.): recurring, happening again, and again...
Council Counsel Council (n.): legislative body, especially that of a municipal district. Counsel (n.): advice, guidance. Counsel (v.): give counsel, advise.
Creak Creek Creak (n.): a harsh, high-pitched noise, like that made by wood. Creak (v.): make a creak. Creek (n.): narrow stream.
Custom Customs Costume Custom (n.): something that people usually or traditionally do; e. g. "The Brtish custom of having tea at 5." Customs (n.): the place at a port, airport or border where it is checked what people bring into the country. Costume (n.): clothes worn to pretend being someone or something else, especially those used in parties, plays, films, etc.
Dairy Diary Dairy (adj.): dairy products are milk and those made from milk, such as cheese, butter, etc. Diary (n.): a book used for writing daily experiences.
Damp Humid Damp (adj.): moist, slightly wet, usually when it should not be; e. g. "Mi clothes are damp." Humid (n.): having a high amount of water or water vapour; e. g. "A hot, humid day."
Demur Demure Demur (v.): to refuse to do something or to raise objections to it. Demure (adj.): (typically of a girl) shy, dicreet and well-behaved.
Disassemble Dissemble Disassemble (v.): to take (something) apart, dismantle it; e. g. "If you want to repair your watch, you'll have to disassemble it." Dissemble (v.): to hide one's motives or intention by pretence.
Discomfit Discomfort Discomfit (v.): to make someone feel embarrassed or uneasy; e. g. "The question about her age discomfited the lady." Discomfort (n.): mental or physical distress; e. g. "The patient told the doctor he was feeling some discomfort in his knee"; embarrassment.
Discreet Discrete Discreet (adj.): careful in one's behaviour so as not to cause offense or to call attention to oneself; e. g. "We made some polite, discreet questions." Discrete (adj.): separate, independent from each other; e. g. "This subjects is divided into different discrete units."
Disinterested Uninterested Disinterested (adj.): neutral, unbiased. Uninterested (adj.): not interested.
Distrust Mistrust Distrust (v.): not to trust. Distrust (n.): the feeling of not trusting (someone). Mistrust (v.): to find (someone or something) suspicious; e. g. "I think I'm right to mistrust the old man who wants to sell sweets to my 5-year-old child in the park at night." Mistrust (n.): the feeling of mistrusting.
Economic Economical Economic (adj.): related to economy or Economics; e. g. "Ideal economic conditions." Economical (adj.): cheap, thrifty, not wasteful; e. g. "Light bulbs are more economical than gas lamps."
Elusive Illusive Elusive (adj.): hard to get or hold; e. g. "Happines has been elusive during her life." Illusive (adj.): not real, based on an illusion.
Eminent Imminent Eminem Eminent (adj.): respected, famous, popular, admired. Imminent (adj.): about to happen; e. g. "By the fifth century AD the downfall of the Western Roman Empire was imminent." Eminem (n.): an eminent rapper.
Envelop Envelope Envelop (v.): surround, cover; e. g. "Black smoke enveloped the building." Envelope (n.): a flat paper case used for enclosing letters.
Ethereal Ephemeral Ethereal (adj.): delicate and light in a way that seems too perfect for this world; e. g. "Her ethereal voice." Ephemeral (adj.): lasting a very short time; e. g. "She was a bad singer and her success was ephemeral."
Exalt Exult Exalt (v.): praise or have (something or someone) in a very high consideration; e. g. "He is a true patriot and exalts his homeland." Exult (v.): rejoice, be very happy; e. g. "The team exulted in their victory."
Extinct Extant Extent Extend Extinct (adj.): that no longer exists; e. g. "Latin is an extinct language"; "Dinosaurs are extinct." Extant (adj.): that still exists; e. g. "Basque is an old but extant language." Extent (n.): the range of scope that something covers, or the degree to which it happens; e. g. "The Great Fire of London damaged a great extent of the city"; "the extent of the damages was incalculable." Extend (v.): to cover or cause to cover a larger area or a longer time; e. g. "The beach extends beyond the horizon"; "I want to extend my holiday."
Fare Fair Fare (n.): the money paid for a journey. Fair (adj.): just, according to justice.
Farther Further Farther (adv.): to a greater physical distance; e. g. "I travelled from Spain to Germany, but next time I'll go farther: to Russia!" Further (adv.): to a greater extent or degree; e. g. "I have strong political ideals but I'm not an extremist; extremists go much further and sometimes commit crimes ."
Faze Phrase Faze (v.): make someone feel confused or disconcerted; e. g. "Her bursting into tears fazed me." Phase (n.): state of development, portion of a process; e. g. "Puberty can be a hard phase in life."
Flammable Inflammable Nonflammable Flammable (adj.): likely to burn easily. Inflammable (adj.): flammable; filled with or producing to anger. Nonflammable (adj.): designed so that it won't burn.
Flaunt Flout Flaunt (v.): show off, display proudly; e.g. "Flaunt one's wealth." Flout (v.): defy, deliberately refuse to accept; e.g. "Flout a law."
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