Roman Period

ellanabishop
Flashcards by ellanabishop, updated more than 1 year ago
ellanabishop
Created by ellanabishop over 7 years ago
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GCSE History Medicine Through Time Flashcards on Roman Period, created by ellanabishop on 05/22/2013.
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Question Answer
What was the average life expectancy in the 1350s? 30 years
What else did physicians also prescribe? herbal remedies
what interest increased during the 12th century? stars and astrology
why was the life expectancy so low in the 1300's? because of illness, injury, poor living conditions and malnutrition
what are the 4 humours? blood, black bile, yellow bile and phlegm
who came up with the idea of the 4 humours? the hippocrates
what did the hippocrates believe the 4 humours were linked to? The 4 seasons and the 4 elements air, earth, fire and water
How did Galen develop the theory of the 4 humours? came up with the theory of opposites eg if you have too much phlegm treat by eating hot pepper, and if you have a temperature treat by eating cucumber
What else did Galen believe strongly in to cure illness? Bloodletting
what charts did they use to diagnose illness? urine charts, and zodiac charts
How long were Galens theories continued for? through roman, saxon, and medieval period
How many texts did Galen write? 350 texts about medicine and surgery
name 2 other things the romans thought caused disease the supernatural miasma
what is an apothecary? A person who makes medicines and ointments using ingredients such as herbs and spices
What is a physician? A trained doctor
What is purging? giving people diarrhoea
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