Block 1 Flash Cards

Flashcards by , created about 6 years ago

Degree K101 Block 1 Flashcards on Block 1 Flash Cards, created by allycooper2893 on 05/27/2013.

Created by allycooper2893 about 6 years ago
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Block 1 : Case Studies
Block 1 : Theories - Sick Role
Question Answer
Expert Patient Play an active part in understanding and managing their own care
Role of the Health Care Assistant - UKCC; proposed they carry out housekeeping, clerical tasks and ward maintenance - 2000s; carrying out bedside nursing duties (taking over of nursing tasks)
Describe a hierarchical way of working (hospitals and nursing) - Instructions given and carried out - Top down communication - Doctors pass down to nurses (obedient) who pass to patients (passive)
Describe collaborative working - Knowledge is shared between all workers - Everybody works to their strengths - Team ethos drives all work
Definition of health by WHO (World Health Organisation, 1946) "complete state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity"
Social Model of Health 1. Curing illness 2. Preventing illness 3. Promoting good health - adds to biomedical model
White Papers Government documents; details of future policies, basis for a bill, gather feedback before presenting policy as a bill
Team working (White Papers) Changes in delivering primary care - team based way forward
Paternalism to Partnership (White Papers) Promoting self care - Supporting patients to take control of their care - focus on self care & management
Rise of expert patient (White Papers) EPP (Expert Patients Programme) Training for those with chronic conditions - developing skills
Bringing hospital into community (White Papers) Services delivered closer to home. More care outside hospitals. Practices can provide minor surgery for example. Procedures become day cases.
Social Care: 'Assessment' Collecting of information to decide what care is needed
Social Care: Care Package Services that will meet the needs of the service user
Social Care: Care Manager E.g. Social Worker / Nurse Decides budget for care, finds care providers, carries out reviews of care
Social Care: Care Plan Record of care decided and expected to be received by service user. Written record. Signed by service user as confirmation
A long lasting or recurring disease is known to be what? Chronic
Anwar Malik suffers from which chronic disease? Diabetes
What's it like being a carer - negatives? (Particularly Ann's point of view) Hard work, demanding, restricting, stressful, isolated, emotional, emotionally demanding, guilt provoking, trapped, frightening
PCHT stands for what... Primary Care Health Teams - made up of GPs, Practice Managers and other related staff - e.g. admin, nurses etc
What affects care relationships? 3 factors = 1. Quality of relationship 2. Choice 3. Support
Anwar couldn't stick to his Diabetes treatment plan because... It wasn't culturally appropriate - food - exercise - language used (His wife struggles with English so couldn't understand meal plans)
Compliance is... Doctor prescribes treatment, patient accepts and follows doctor's orders
Concordance is... Doctor and Patient negotiating to come to an agreement on what is best for the patient - could be an agreement to differ
Effective health care should take note of the what? Service user perspective - how patient feels / can they make sense of their illness / discussing how to treat illness / treatment fits in with culture and social/lifestyle circumstances
What do hospitals provide? (NHS Direct, 2007) 1. Further tests, e.g. X-rays / Scans 2. Emergency treatment / ICUs 3. Specialist clinics and doctors
Scientific approach to medicine Observations and experiments which results are then recorded in detail. Observations and experiments repeated
Biomedical Science Detailed and reliable models of human body and how it works. New treatments with reliable knowledge of their effects.
Hospital patient is an extreme version of 'sick role'... What does a Hospital Patient do? 1. Hand themselves over to medical regime 2. Removed from normal life and daily duties 3. Shed their community identity 4. Gain identity of someone with particular medical condition
Being ill means... 1. Not feeling normal 2. Not being able to act as normal
Sick Role is a concept by who? Talcott Parsons
3 Key features of the Sick Role concept 1. Not blamed for your illness, but expected to want to get better 2. Excused from normal duties also obligation to stop other things you do 3. Expectation to get medical help and follow treatment and advice
When could claiming 'sick role' become difficult? - Invisible illness such as chronic back pain
What are the 2 divisions of healthcare in the UK? Primary and Secondary
Care you access in the first instance, such as dentist, GP or optician is known as.. Primary Care
Care that you get referred to - such as to see a specialist within a hospital is known as... Secondary care
It is important to identify carers because there is... - Financial support
Problems with identifying carers... - Privacy in homes - Resistance to labelling (both carer and care receiver) - Measuring (hours and duration) - Reciprocity
A Carer is... (Directgov, 2006) 'Someone who cares for a relative/friend/neighbour because of their illness, disability or age'
Carers (Recognition and Services) Act 2006... What was it? First government act that officially recognised the work of carers
What did the 'Caring about Carers: A National Strategy for Carers' publication say about carers? - Carers play a vital role - They should care with pride - Their work is valued and they are being given more support