Geography settlement

Jan Kowalski
Flashcards by Jan Kowalski, updated more than 1 year ago
Jan Kowalski
Created by Jan Kowalski over 2 years ago


Questions for settlement

Resource summary

Question Answer
Settlement It's where people live
Urban A large built-up area with large areas of land being used for housing (town or city)
Rural A small settlement in the countryside (hamlet or village)
Nucleated settlement shape Made up of a cluster of buildings, usually around a central point, e.g. crossroads, bridge
Linear settlement shape Long and thin (ribbon-shaped), these develop along a road or river valley or in an area where flat land is limited
Dispersed settlement shape Scattered across the countryside and surrounded by farmland, such as farms and isolated buildings
Where settlements were first built Water supply Relief (flat or gently sloping land) Soil (fertile?) Shelter (rain or winds, e.g. valley) Defence (e.g. on hill, between rivers)
Functions of an urban settlement The function of an urban settlement is its main economic activity or purpose (e.g. mining)
Settlement hierarchy It shows how settlements in any area can be put in order based on their size or services that they provide
High vs low order settlements High order settlements have a higher population size and number of services (including high order services) than low order settlements
Sphere of influence The area surrounding an activity that is influenced by it, e.g. a sports centre
High order vs low order services Low order services are those that are used more often than high order services (general store vs wedding dresses). Comparison goods are found in HOS: they are expensive, so we don't buy them very often so we will go to a number of shops to compare goods and their prices
Burgess model Bases on circles of different land use coming out of the city centre outwards with decreasing land value
Hoyt model Based on the circles of land use and value form Burgess model, but adds sectors of similar land use, e.g. the industrial zones
Urbanisation The process by which increasing proportion of people live in towns and cities instead of the countryside. This could be the result of natural increase and/or migration
Problems and solutions for them for increasing population size in cities Lack of houses to live in --> build more houses Lack of places in schools --> build new schools Big traffic --> expand road infrastructure Waste disposal --> encourage recycling Lack of places in hospitals --> increase hospital funding
Sardinia case study Look through Sardinia case study
Threshold population Minimum number of people living in the area required for a service to be profitable
Atlanta case study Look through Atlanta case study
Lima case study Look through Lima case study
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