Server 2012 R2 Chapter 1
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Flashcards on Server 2012 R2 Chapter 1, created by on 10/05/2014.

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Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard operating system 64 sockets and up to 4 terabytes (TB) of random access memory (RAM). Includes two virtual machine licenses.
R2 Datacenter operating system unlimited virtual machine licenses Supports 64sockets, up to 640 processor cores, and up to 4 TB of RAM
R2 Foundation operating system small businesses,only 15 users, cannot join a domain. one processor core and up to 32 (GB) of RAM.
R2 Essentials operating system two forms: •installable server role in an existing domain. • As a core Windows Server on a VM. It has limits of 25 users and 50 devices. two processor cores and 64 GB RAM.
Storage Server 2012 R2 Workgroup 50 users, one processor core, and 32 GB of RAM. Supports domain join.
Storage Server 2012 R2 Standard Supports 64 sockets, but is licensed on a two-socket, incrementing basis. Supports 4 TB RAM.two VM licenses. Supports domain join.
MultiPoint Server 2012 Standard Supports multiple users who access the same host computer directly using a separate mouse, keyboard, and monitor. Limited to one socket, 32 GB RAM, max 12 sessions. no R2 version
Windows MultiPoint Server 2012 Premium Supports multiple users access same host computer using separate mouse, keyboard, monitor. Limited to two sockets, 4 TB of RAM, max of 22 sessions. Supports domain join.
What Is Server Core? Windows Server 2012 Server Core installation offers fewer components and administrative management options than full installation of Server 2012
What is Sconfig.cmd? command-line menu-driven administrative tool enables you to perform common server admin tasks
AD CS ? AD certification authorities
AD DS A centralized store of information about network objects, including user and computer accounts. Used for authentication and authorization.
AD FS Provides web single sign-on (SSO) & federation support
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services storage of application-specific data for directory-aware applications that do not require full AD DS infrastructure
Active Directory Rights Management Services apply rights management policies to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive documents
Application Server management and hosting of high-performance distributed business applications
Remote Desktop Services (RDS) access to virtual desktops, session-based desktops, and RemoteApp programs
Volume Activation Services automate and simplify management of volume license keys and volume key activation. manage a Key Management Service (KMS) host or configure AD DS-based activation for computers that are domain members
Windows Deployment Services deploy server operating systems to clients over the network.
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) deploying Microsoft product updates to network computers.
Installation Methods for Server 2012 R2? • Optical Media • USB Media • Mounted ISO image • Network Share • Windows Deployment Services • System Center Configuration Manager • Virtual Machine Manager Templates
• Windows Deployment Services ? deploy Server 2012 from .wim files or (.vhd) files use the Automated Installation Kit (AIK) to configure lite-touch Clients perform a Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) boot to contact the WDS server, and OS image is transmitted to server over network.  WDS allows multiple installs of Server using multicast network transmissions.
System Center Configuration Manager ? fully automate deployment of Server 2012 to new servers that don't have OS installed. Process is called Zero Touch deployment.
Virtual Machine Manager Templates ? deployed in private cloud scenarios
Fresh installation ? fresh install on a new disk or volume
Upgrade Install preserves files, settings, and applications that are installed already on original server.
Migration installation ? when migrating to Server 2012 R2 from x86 and x64 versions of Server 2003
Hardware Requirements for Windows Server 2012 R2 • Processor architecture: x64 • Processor 1.4 gigahertz (GHz) •(RAM): 512 (MB) • HDD space: 32 GB, more if server has more than 16 GB RAM
(NIC) teaming ? computer uses one network address for multiple cards
Volume Activation Management Tool (VAMT) 3.0 ? generate license reports & manage client/server activation on enterprise networks.
Automatic Virtual Machine Activation (AVMA) install VM's on 2012 R2 Datacenter Hyper-V host and automatically activate them, provided host server activated. Registry on virtualization host provides tracking data for guest OS's. Registry key moves with VM when migrated to new host.
Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) ? command-line tool that can service offline images or running OS. Use it to install, uninstall, configure, update Windows features, packages, drivers and international settings
server manager console does? • Add roles and features • Launch Windows PowerShell sessions • View events • Perform server configuration tasks
Best Practices Analyzer ? determine roles on network are functioning well or problems that you need to fix.
Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) Set of administrative tools
Windows Remote Management (WinRM) use Remote Shell, remote Windows PowerShell, and other remote management tools to manage a computer remotely.
Remote Desktop? administrators connect remotely to the servers that they manage
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