Art History 140 Unit 1

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Mitch McGee
Flashcards by Mitch McGee, updated more than 1 year ago
Mitch McGee
Created by Mitch McGee about 4 years ago
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Figure of Willendorf, 30,000-10,000 B.C, Preshistoric, Paleolithic
Lascaux Cave Paintings, 30,000-10,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Paleolithic
Pech-Merle Cave Paintings, 30,000-10,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Paleolithic
Woman holding a bison horn, 30,000-10,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Paleolithic
Bison, La Madeleine, 30,000-10,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Paleolithic
Two Clay Bison, Tuc D'Audoubert, 30,000-10,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Paleolithic
Tower of Jericho, 8,000-2,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Neolithic
Skull of Jericho, 8,000-2,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Neolithic
Catal Hayuk (Condensed ancient city structure), 8,000-2,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Neolithic
Stone Henge, 8,000-2,000 B.C, Prehistoric, Neolithic
Relief Sculpture relief sculpture is any work which projects from but which belongs to the wall, or other type of background surface, on which it is carved
Cromlech a megalithic tomb consisting of a large flat stone laid on upright ones
Post-and-lintel a building system where strong horizontal elements are held up by strong vertical elements with large spaces between them
Menhir a tall upright stone of a kind erected in prehistoric times in western Europe
Megaliths a large stone that forms a prehistoric monument (e.g., a menhir) or part of one (e.g., a stone circle or chamber tomb).
Megalithic 1. relating to or denoting prehistoric monuments made of or containing megaliths 2. Massive or Monolithic
Formal Analysis Formal analysis is a specific type of visual description. Unlike ekphrasis, it is not meant to evoke the work in the reader's mind. Instead it is an explanation of visual structure, of the ways in which certain visual elements have been arranged and function within a composition.
Iconography the visual images and symbols used in a work of art or the study or interpretation of these
Statuettes from the Temple of Abu, 3,000-2,200 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Sumerian
Standard of Ur, 3,000-2,200 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Sumerian
Bull-Headed Lyre from Ur, 3,000-2,200 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Sumerian
Bronze Head of a Ruler/Sargon, 2,200 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Akkadian
Stele of Narm Sim, 2,200 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Akkadian
Ziggurat at Ur, 2,000 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Neo-Sumerian
Statue of Gudea, 2,000 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Neo-Sumerian
Stele with the Code of Hammurabi, 1,700 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Babylonian
Lion Gate, 1,400 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Hittite
Citadel of Sargon II, 1,000-600 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Assyrian
Lamassu from Palace of Sargon II, 1,000-600 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Assyrian
Ashurbanipal hunting lions, 1,000-600 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Assyrian
Ishtar Gate, Babylon, 600 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Neo-Babylonian
Palace of Darius I, Persepolis, 500-200 B.C, Ancient Near Eastern, Persian
Cuneiform The wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets
Shamash Shamash was the son of Sin. Shamash, as the solar deity, exercised the power of light over darkness and evil
Ziggurat a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple. Ziggurats are first attested in the late 3rd millennium BC and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel
Lamassu Assyrian protective deity, often depicted as having a human head, the body of a bull or a lion, and bird wings
Lapis-Lazuli Lapis lazuli or lapis for short, is a deep blue metamorphic rock used as a semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color. Very expensive, symbol of power
Sin an immoral act considered to be a transgression against divine law
Sargon Sargon of Akkad was the first ruler of the Semitic-speaking Akkadian Empire, known for his conquests of the Sumerian city-states in the 24th to 23rd centuries BC
Gilgamesh Gilgamesh was a historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC. He probably ruled sometime between 2800 and 2500 BC and was posthumously deified
Diorite Used as architectural stones, very solid, similar to granite
Stele a stone or wooden slab, generally taller than it is wide, erected in the ancient world as a monument
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