Pancreas and Secondary Glands

Daniel Elandix G
Flashcards by , created almost 6 years ago

Physiology 1B (Glands) Flashcards on Pancreas and Secondary Glands, created by Daniel Elandix G on 08/08/2013.

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Daniel Elandix G
Created by Daniel Elandix G almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
What hormones does the endocrine pancreas secrete? Most important hormones are insulin and glucagon. They also secrete somatostatin (delta cells) and pancreatic polypeptide (F Cells)
What are the actions of the pancreatic hormones? Insulin: They stimulate glucose uptake, protein synthesis, glucagon formation, Fatty Acid replenishing. Glucagon: Hunger signal, starts gluconeogenesis, protein breakdown, Fatty acid utilisation.
What are the actions of the pancreatic hormones? Insulin: They stimulate glucose uptake, protein synthesis, glucagon formation, Fatty Acid replenishing. Glucagon: Hunger signal, starts gluconeogenesis, protein breakdown, Fatty acid utilisation.
What is diabetes mellitus Type 1 and 2? Diabetes is a physiological condition by which one could not break down the excess glucose in the blood, due to lack of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is due to the body unable to produce enough insulin to break down the body sugars. It is either inherited or due to genetic malfunction. Type 2 diabetes is generally known as very well fed state. Too well. It is most common in obese people, it causes the pancreas' beta cells to burn out. Type 2 diabetes can turn into Type 1, however this can be cured by lifestyle changes.
What is diabetes mellitus Type 1 and 2? Diabetes is a physiological condition by which one could not break down the excess glucose in the blood, due to lack of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is due to the body unable to produce enough insulin to break down the body sugars. It is either inherited or due to genetic malfunction. Type 2 diabetes is generally known as very well fed state. Too well. It is most common in obese people, it causes the pancreas' beta cells to burn out. Type 2 diabetes can turn into Type 1, however this can be cured by lifestyle changes.
What is the action of erythropoietin? Erythropoietin stimulates growth of the number of red blood cells.
What 2 hormone system contribute to regulate plasma volume and electrolyte balance? 2 organs that secrete hormones regulate the balance. One of which was the kidney and the other one is the heart. The kidney secretes calcitrol to control calcium levels and the renin-argiostenin system. The heart secretes the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) to control the plasma volume and electrolyte balance.
What is the action of the hormone secreted by the pineal gland? The pineal gland secretes melatonin. This controls the circardian rhythm.
What is the action of the hormone secreted by the pineal gland? The pineal gland secretes melatonin. This controls the circardian rhythm.