Descriptive Grammar Final

Lily Nzabalinda
Flashcards by Lily Nzabalinda, updated more than 1 year ago
Lily Nzabalinda
Created by Lily Nzabalinda over 6 years ago



Resource summary

Question Answer
form classes noun, verb, adjective, adverb closed classes Most used
8 parts of speech Noun Pronoun Adjective Adverb Preposition Conjunction Intergection
4 ways to join 2 independent clauses 1) semi-colon + adverbial conjunction + coma (although, nevertheless) 2) coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) + coma 3) colon 4) semi-colon
adjective vs. adjectival adjective modifies a noun but an adjectival is any structure no matter what form that modifies a noun.
conjunction joins words, phrases and clauses
4 types of conjunctions 1) subordinating (make the clause dependent) 2) coordinating (FANBOYS) 3) Adverbial (functions like a transition) 4) Correlative (works as a pair to bring balance)
gerund a verb in its ing form (present participle) they function as nouns
Where is the subject never found? In the prepositional phrase
infinitive a verb in its "to" form (to read, to swim, to jump) either the subject of the object
participle a verbal that is used as an adjective
5 sentence variation 1) structure 2) length 3) kinds 4) types 5) patterns
structures simple (ic) compound (ic+ cc,;ac +ic) complex (ic, dc) compound-complex (ic ic dc)
types declarative interrogative imperative exclamatory
Agreements are subject must agree with verb and pronoun must agree with antecedent
5 things that must always agree proximity gender case number person
3 cases of pronouns subjective possessive objective
demonstrative pronouns subclasses of determiners featuring number and proximity
expanded infinitive Takes the free morpheme one, thing body
indefinite pronoun refers to someone or something that is not specific
intensive pronoun serves as an appositive to emphasize a noun
interrogative pronouns used to solicit information
personal pronoun agrees with antecedent in number, gender and case
possessive pronoun pronouns that show ownership
reciprocal pronouns used to point which one of which ones are meant
reflexive pronoun expanded form of a personal pronoun mirroring subject
object of preposition object used in a prepositional phrase
prescriptive grammar formal guidelines for structuring English, judgmental
transformational grammar internal grammar
inflections s or 's endings to words
homonym same spelling, same sound, different meanings saw saw
heteronym same spelling, different sound, different meaning
homophone same sound, different spelling different meaning
structure classes determiner qualifier preposition
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