Which research methods exist?

 Laboratory experiments
 Judgement tasks
 Surveys
 Computer simulations
 Field experiments

Which methods score highly on precision?

Laboratory experiments, experimental simulations and judgement tasks

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How should your research question look like if your state of prior theory and research is nascent? (Nascent theory)

Opendended inquiry about phenomenon of interest

How should your research question look like if your state of prior theory and research is intermediate? (Intermediate theory)

Proposed relationship between new and established constructs

How should your research question look like if your state of prior theory and research is mature? (Mature theory)

Focused hypotheses relating existing constructs

What data should be collected if your state of prior theory and research is nascent? (Nascent theory)

Qualitative data

What data should be collected if your state of prior theory and research is intermediate? (Intermediate theory)

both qualitative and quantitative data

What data should be collected if your state of prior theory and research is mature? (Mature theory)

Quantitative data

What methods for collecting data should be applied when your state of prior theory and research is nascent? (Nascent theory)

Interviews, observations

What methods for collecting data should be applied when your state of prior theory and research is intermediate? (Intermediate theory)

Interviews, observations, surveys

What methods for collecting data should be applied when your state of prior theory and research is mature? (Mature theory)

Surveys, interviews, field studies

The three classes of research methods are...

 Descriptive research
 Correlation research
 Experimental research

What is a way of fixing the imperfection problem of all methods?

Mixedmethods
(more than one method to allow for triangulation)

What is the "sample"?

Group of people you are observing

What characteristics should your sample have?

Validity and representativeness

What is the "population"?

All the people you could have (theoretically) worked with
> Sample is the representative of population

What does "proofofconcept" mean?

That you pick a sample that shows what you want to obseerve

What are the 2 sampling techniques?

Probability sampling
Nonprobability sampling

What characteristic does Probability Sampling have?

Each member of population has equal probability of being selected

What characteristic does NonProbability Sampling have?

The chance of each unit being selected is unknown or predefined

Probability Sampling can be parted into three special techniques, which are ...

 Random sampling
 Stratified sampling (population segmented in subgroups and then radomly selcted)
 Cluster sampling (units are clustered in hierarchical stages and then selection in each stage)

NonProbability Sampling can be parted into five special techniques, which are ...

 Convenience sampling
 Quota sampling
 Snowball sampling
 Judgement sampling
 Theoretical sampling

When respondents are selected in part or in whole at the convenience of the researcher, this method is called...

Convenience Sampling

A convenience sample, with effort made to ensure a certain distribution of demograpic variables is called...

Quota Sampling

A sampling technique emplyed to reach hardtoreach populations and subgroups is called...

Snowball sampling

When the researcher uses his/her judgement to select the sample, this technique is called...

Judgement Sampling

The technique where only extreme or specific cases are selected is called...

Theoretical Sampling
