Metabolism terms

snipsnipity
Flashcards by snipsnipity, updated more than 1 year ago
snipsnipity
Created by snipsnipity about 6 years ago
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Description

definitions of metabolic processes

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Question Answer
Glycolysis pathway Carbs to ATP oxidative pathway 1. glycolysis 2. pyuvate dehydrogenase 3. Krebs cycle 4. electron transport chain
metabolism of fat Lipase hydrolysis of triglycerides to -free fatty acids Beta oxidation pathway - Acetyl CoA (2C) + NADH, FADH Krebs cycle Electron transport chain ATP + H2O Fatty acid = 129 ATP
Anaerobic cellular respiration Glycolytic or lactic acid system low yield ATP 2ATP/Glucose Can only use glucose Short term only
glycogenesis Glycogen synthesis Conversion of glucose to glycogen in muscle and liver for later use
Lipogenesis Biosynthesis and storage of triglycerides as body fat, mainly in adipose tissue
Gluconeogenesis synthesis of glucose from non carb sources - AAs. High protein/low carb diet. Can result in loss of muscle mass.
Glycogenolysis The break down of glycogen to glucose by liver for release into blood stream to increase blood sugar levels in response to insulin.
Lipolysis Metabolic pathway to convert fat into ATP.
Hormones involved in Glycogenolysis Glucagon Adrenalin Cortisol
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