How Parliament Makes Laws

Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

cue cards of how parliament makes laws, also contains a few questions on some background information about the UK Parliament

Created by harryloftus505 over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
what house of parliament is the most powerful and why? the House of Commons because the MP's are democratically elected
Parliament is made up of how many bodies? Its made up of 3 bodies: The House of Commons, The House of Lords and The Monarchy.
Why are the Commons more powerful than the Lords? As they're elected whereas the Lords aren't.
What happens when an idea for a law if first proposed? A Green Paper is made, which contains the rough ideas of the law ( Forest Protection 2010)
What happens after a Green Paper is made? Theres a consultation and interested parties (parties the act might affect) give their views on it and a White Paper is made with more refined ideas on ( Natural Environment 2011)
What does a White Paper turn into? It tuns into a Bill and is ready for the Enactment Process
How many stages re there in the Enactment Process? There are 7 stages.
What is Stage 1 of the Enactment Process and what does it involve? Stage 1 is the First Reading when the title of the Bill is announced and a vote is taken whether to carry on with the Bill.
What happens in Stage 2 of the Enactment Process? Stage 2 is the Second Reading when the general principles of the Bill is discussed and if its an uncontroversial Bill then this is done by a small committee.
What happens during Stage 3 of the Enactment Process? Stage 3 is the Committee Stage where a small committee of cross party MPs examine the Bill in detail.
What happens during Stage 4 of the Enactment Process Stage 4 is the Report Stage when the committee report back any changes they wish to make to the Bill. the house then votes on whether to accept or reject them.
What is stage 6 of the Enactment Process Stage 6 is The Other House (Lords, generally) where the Bill goes through Stages 1-5 again and the Lords can send the Bill back with any changes they wish to make due to the European Parliamentary Elections Act 1998. The Commons can pass over the lords due to the Parliament Act 1911 and 1949
What is the final stage of the Enactment Process? Stage 7 is the final step when the Monarch gives Royal Assent and the Bill becomes an Act.
When was the last time a Monarch refused to give Royal Assent? 1707 when Queen Anne refused to sign the Scottish Militia Bill
What happens during stage 5 of the Enactment Process? The 5th stage is the Third Reading and minor changes are made and the final version is drafted.