GCSE Edexcel RE Crime and Punishment

Lilac Potato
Flashcards by Lilac Potato, updated more than 1 year ago
Lilac Potato
Created by Lilac Potato about 6 years ago
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Flashcards for GCSE RE Edexcel Crime and punishment section.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Crime An act against the law
Judgement The act of judging people and their actions
Justice Due allocation of reward and punishment/the maintenance of what is right
Law Rules made by Parliament that are enforceable by the courts
Capital Punishment The death penalty for a crime or offence
Deterrence The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing crimes
Rehabilitation Restore to normal life
Reform The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so they will not commit crimes again
Retribution The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong
Sin An act against the will of God
Addiction A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects
Responsibility Being responsible for one's actions
Why do we need laws? • All groups need rules that its members must follow • Laws in business make sure we are paid & treated fairly • Protect the weak from the strong • Keeps things organised in advanced societies such as the UK
Why did St Aquinas say that an unjust law is not a proper law? • If a law is unjust, people will feel that it is right to break the law • If some are unjust, people may think all laws are unjust • If laws don’t give justice, people will take the law into their own hands
What are the 4 theories of punishment? • Retribution - punished in proportion to the crime e.g. kill those that kill - believe criminals should suffer for what they have done wrong • Deterrence - if you cut someone’s hand off for stealing, they will not steal again • Reform - includes educating criminals so they gain qualifications & don’t have to turn to crime • Protection - keep criminals in prison for so long that when they are released, they are no longer a danger
Why is justice important for Christians? • Bible says God is a God of justice - rewards the good & punishes the bad • Jesus said the rich should share with the poor • New Testament has lots of statements about how Christians should treat people fairly • Christian churches began the Jubilee 2000 campaign to try & end 3rd world debt - sharing Earth’s resources more fairly • Chapel dedicated to justice at Exeter Cathedral
Why is justice important in Judaism? • It is important for courts to be fair & treat people equally as this follows the law of the Torah • Torah says God is a God of justice • Tenakh says people should be treated fairly & equally
What are some non-religious arguments in favour of capital punishment? • Will deter crimes like murder & terrorism • Murderers are a threat to society - threat should be permanently removed • The only retribution/compensation for murder is death
What are some non-religious arguments against capital punishment? • Could be wrongly convicted • Countries without death penalty have lower murder rates - doesn’t work • Executed terrorists become martyrs & inspire others to become terrorists
Why are some Christians against capital punishment? • Jesus came to reform sinners - can’t reform the dead • Jesus banned the Old Testament law of ‘an eye for an eye’ (retribution) • Human life is sacred & only God can take it away • Jesus said ‘turn the other cheek’
Why do some Christians see capital punishment as a good way to keep order in society? • Bible mentions it as a punishment for certain crimes & the Bible comes from God • Catholic & C of E churches have not condemned the use of capital punishment • Church used it for crimes like heresy • Aquinas said peace in society was more important than reforming sinners
What are the attitudes to capital punishment in Judaism? Most believe it is acceptable as a last resort with severe restrictions because… • Torah says CP should be used for certain offences • Talmud says it is allowed if murderer has been warned of the consequences of their actions/there are 2 witnesses • It protects society Some do not believe it is acceptable because the Torah & the Tenakh need updating - a Bet Din that executes a person once in 70 years is a destructive Bet Din
What are the laws on class A, B & C drugs? • Class A drugs e.g. cocaine, ecstasy, heroin - 7 years in prison for possession - Life in prison for supplying • Class B drugs e.g. amphetamines - 5 years in prison for supplying - 14 years in prison for supplying • Class C drugs e.g. cannabis, anabolic steroids - 2 years in prison for possession - 5 years in prison for supplying
What are the laws on tobacco & alcohol? • Tobacco - cannot be sold to under 18s, adverts for tobacco products are banned • Alcohol - supervised under 16s can go anywhere in a pub, over 16s can have an alcoholic drink with a meal if accompanied by an adult
Why are Christians against illegal drugs? • St Paul taught a Christian’s body is a temple & should not be abused • Drugs have mental effects which make it hard to worship God correctly
Why do some Christians believe in moderation, regarding tobacco & alcohol? • Jesus’ first miracle was turning water into wine • St Paul said Christians could drink in moderation • Jesus drank wine at the Last Supper
Why do some Christians believe in abstinence, regarding tobacco & alcohol? • Bible warns against drunkenness e.g. Noah’s drunkenness brought shame on the family • Bible notes alcohol ‘impairs judgement, inflames passions & invites violence’
Why are Jews against illegal drugs? • Drugs have mental effects which make it hard to worship God correctly • Parents are usually distressed by child’s drug usage so is not honouring your parents • Torah says ‘you shall be holy’
Why do Jewish people believe in moderation, regarding tobacco & alcohol? • Wine is used in ritual processes such as Kiddush •Drunkenness is condemned in the Tenakh • Tenakh praises wine as a substance that ‘gladdens the heart’
What are the health & social problems associated with tobacco? • Health - increases risk of getting over 50 medical conditions, can cause impotence in men • Social - watching loved ones die, makes people smell
What are the health & social problems associated with drugs? • Health - death through overdose, major cause of mental illness • Social - dealers are criminals, major cause of gang crime
What are the health & social problems associated with alcohol? • Health - causes liver & stomach problems, mental health problems • Social - causes 41% of all deaths through falls, 65% of murderers had been drinking
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