Melinda Colby
Flashcards by , created over 4 years ago

Mitosis Unit Test

Melinda Colby
Created by Melinda Colby over 4 years ago
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Question Answer
What happens to the cells of the body during the growth of a child? The cells of a growing child divide to make more cells, and those cells grow to become the same size as the cells were just before they divided
A cell with 10 chromosomes undergoes mitosis, how many daughter cells are created? Each cell has how many chromosomes? 2 cells are created, each with 10 chromosomes
What do Chromosomes and DNA contain? Genetic Information
If a skin cell contains 60 chromosomes, how many chromosomes will be in the 2 daughter cells after the original cell has undergone mitosis? WHY??? 60, because the original cell replicates its DNA and then when it divides each daughter cell ends up with the same amount of DNA as the original cell.
What is not associated with mitosis? Production of egg and sperm
What do you call a section of a chromosome that codes for a trait? Gene
What is a Gene? A segment of DNA that controls body structure and function.
What is DNA? Deoxyribonucleic Acid: a helical molecule that carries the genetic information of an organism and is passed from parent to offspring
A human cell has 23 pairs of Chromosomes for a total of 46 chromosomes. At the end of mitosis a new cell will have? 23 pairs of chromosomes, 46 total chromosomes
What is a chromosome? Condensed or compact rod of DNA that carries genetic information.
What is mitosis? Cell division which replicated chromosomes divide leading to identical daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes and same genetic composition as the parent cell
Draw a diagram of mitosis: show the cell in interphase, show the DNA replicate, show DNA condense, show Chromosomes line up in the middle, show the cell divide into two cells fa877de6-233a-463f-98df-0c19474f550b.jpg (image/jpg)