The reign of Henry VII, 1487-1509: political power and control

Laura Faith
Flashcards by Laura Faith, updated more than 1 year ago
Laura Faith
Created by Laura Faith almost 5 years ago
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A Level History (The Tudors) Flashcards on The reign of Henry VII, 1487-1509: political power and control, created by Laura Faith on 03/30/2015.
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Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Margaret Duchess of Burgundy She was the hardest to get rid of. Who was involved?: Edward, Earl of Warwick John De La Pole Powerful Yorkist Nobles: Duke of Suffolk Earl of Surrey Duke of Northumberland
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Margaret Duchess of Burgundy What Happened?: The Earl of Warwick was sent to the Tower of London John De La Pole and the Duke of Suffolk had to take on oath of loyalty to Henry The Earl of Surrey was imprisoned and later swore allegiance The Duke of Northumberland the given control of the North, he tried to plot with the Earl of Warwick
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. The Lovell Rebellion Who was involved?: Lord Lovell Thomas Stafford Humphrey Stafford
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. The Lovell Rebellion What Happened?: They planned to attack the King when he was in York They planned to raise a rebellion in the west Henry gave them a choice - Loyalty or Death Lovell escaped to Flanders Humphrey Stafford was executed Thomas Stafford was pardoned as he swore an oath of loyalty
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Lambert Simnel Who was involved?: John De La Pole Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy Maximilian, Duke of Burgundy The Earl of Kildare (irish)
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Lambert Simnel What Happened?: The Irish crowned Simnel King Edward VI Margaret gave him 2000 troops Lord Lovell gave Simnel his army, as did John De La Pole It leads to the Battle of Stoke (16th June 1487)
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Perkin Warbeck Who was involved?: Margaret Duchess of Burgundy Leading Irish Nobles King Charles VIII of France Maximilian - Holy Roman Empire Sir Robert Clifford Sir William Stanley James IV of Scotland
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Perkin Warbeck What Happened?: People were fooled into believing that Warbeck was really Richard, Duke of York Supporting Warbeck gave people a chance to overthrow Henry 1492: Warbeck was in France France were at war with England Charles VIII protected Warbeck for a while England and Franc signed a treaty Warbeck fled to Flanders Warbeck was a pretender from 1491-1499 meaning that Henry had to deal with him for a long time James IV married Warbeck to his cousin, this would have been a powerful marriage if Warbeck had become King
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. The Cornish Rebellion Who was involved?: Perkin Warbeck Thomas Flamanck Michael Joseph Lord Daubeney Lord Audley
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. The Cornish Rebellion What Happened?: The rebellion was a result of attempts to raise taxes in Cornwall, because England went to war with Scotland because they Scots supported Warbeck The rebels were led by Flamanck and Joseph The rebel army was composed of 6000 peasants They marched peacefully to London Warbeck hijacked the rebellion to help his own cause to overthrow the king Lord Daubeney fought the rebel army with 8000 Kings men The two leaders were caught and executed
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Open Rebellion Who was involved?: Earl of Lincoln Earl of Warwick Richard Supporters Earl of Northumberland Earl of Shrewsbury Earl of Devon Lord Hastings Sir Edward Woodville
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Open Rebellion What happened?: An open revolt from Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Warwick and various Richardians The rebels landed on the west coast of Cumbria on 4th June 1487
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Battle of Stoke Who was involved?: Earl of Lincoln Everyone who was involved in the Lambert Simnel threat
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. Battle of Stoke What Happened?: The Battle was a huge threat The rebel army failed to win enough support during the open rebellion There were approximately 8000 rebels and they were poorly armed The royal army numbered around 15000 Lambert Simnel was taken alive The battle lasted around 3 hours Henry spared the lives of English rebels offering them behaviour bonds or fines
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. The Yorkshire Rebellion Who was involved?: Henry Percy, the Earl of Northumberland John à Chambre Margaret Duchess of Burgundy
Claimants, Pretenders and Rebellions: Dealing Threats to the Monarchy. The Yorkshire Rebellion What Happened?: Parliament increased taxes to pay for a war to defend Brittany The Earl of Northumberland was responsible for collecting the taxes Men in Northumberland and Yorkshire believed they had already payed for protection of the realm through local taxes They asked for a pardon from the King but it was denied The Earl had to send a large army to control the rebels After this Henry didn't try to raise taxes in Northumberland or Yorkshire again
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. The Death of Arthur, April 1501 This was the biggest blow in Henry's reign It undid all of what the marriage to Catherine of Aragon had won for Henry VII Dynasty is about to crumble, position as King became insecure But Ferdinand and Isabella wanted a quick marriage to Henry VI's second son, Prince Henry The marriage would need a special dispensation from the pope as it was not normally acceptable to marry your brother's widow
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Changing Circumstances 1504 (1) Henry VII's wife died in childbirth This show new dynastic concern for Henry as no wife meant no more children. He needed to find a new wife to produce a spare heir incase Prince Henry died If he married Joanna of Naples he would have kept the allegiance with Spain and he would have made a connection with Italy
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Changing Circumstances 1504 (2) The death of Isabella of Spain meant that both Henry and Ferdinand were in competition for a new wife. Ferdinand was now not as powerful as he used to be
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Changing Circumstances 1504 (3) Henry had to keep both burgundy and Spain as allies If he supports Spain he loses trade with Burgundy and if he supports Burgundy he loses a powerful ally in Spain
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Relations with Burgundy Henry tried to improve his relations with Phillip of Burgundy but this made relations with Spain worse Phillip took shelter from a storm in England and henry took this opportunity to negotiate a treaty with him. This made Ferdinand seek an agreement with franc. this was good for France as it broke the Spain/Netherlands link. Henry was keen to improve trade relations with Burgundy.
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Restoring Links with Spain Phillip of Burgundy died in September 1506 and his wife apparently went mad with grief. This gave Ferdinand an excuse to take over Castile This was a period of turmoil for Henry Ferdinand becomes king of Spain again Henry tried to reform an allegiance with Spain and strengthen links with Maximilian
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Henry's Aims Regarding Foreign Policy To secure the throne To promote prosperity To increase trade To gain international recognition To increase his legitimacy To reduce his chances of conflict
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Countries he had to be concerned about Burgundy Brittany France Spain Scotland Ireland The Holy Roman Empire
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. Europe 1485 Each country was supposed to live in peace War was acceptable as a way to defend your country War was expensive Diplomacy was growing in importance such as in negotiation peace terms diplomacy was talking through problems ambitious rulers were more aware of the geography of their world
Henry VII and the countries of Europe: Protecting the security of the dynasty through relations with foreign powers. 1485-1492 Developing Diplomacy July 1486 Henry persuaded James III of Scotland to agree a three year truce.. He also made a truece with france He seems to be successful on his foreign policy because it was allowing him to strengthen his own position He signed a trade treaty with Brittany He didn't get into anything expensive that could challenge his wealth
Establishing Royal Authority: Relations with the nobility. How prepared was Henry for his role as King? When he was in exile in brittany he had seen how a weak king ruled. He had little experience but he had observed, which provided him with personal experience. He had experience of how a french court operated He spoke and understood several languages which made it easier for him to negotiate with other kings and ambassadors He knew how dangerous imposters could be He had built up a close group of loyal and trusted colleagues
Establishing Royal Authority: Relations with the nobility. Government: the different institutions which allowed Henry to run the country such as ministers, parliament, nobles, etc Governance: the way Henry actually ruled Central Government: the different groups who met to make decisions the court, counsel and parliament Local Government: how Henry's laws were carried out at a county level- collection of taxes, dealing with law and order
Establishing Royal Authority: Relations with the nobility. The nobility had to show their loyalty. Marcher Lords were on the border between Wales and England War of the Roses had reduced the number of noble families to about 60 Henry was determined for the nobility to show greater loyalty to him
Establishing Royal Authority: Relations with the nobility. Jobs that were traditionally done by the nobility were given to the gentry by Henry Sir Robert Bray was useful to Henry as he was helping to raise funds- he had financial skills-Henry really liked him
Establishing Royal Authority: Relations with the nobility. Legally train gentry became became skilled and effective administrators for Henry. Doing this meant they were loyal and they had incentives to be loyal.
Establishing Royal Authority: Relations with the nobility. The Council Learned In The Law This was the most important council It helped Henry to enforce the system of recognisances Bonds and recognisances were a way for henry to gain more loyalty
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