RICA Study Guide

Flashcards by snowdemon163, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by snowdemon163 about 6 years ago


This study guide covers all RICA domains and is interactive and easy to use. Simply flip the flashcards over with a click of the mouse to see if you've got the correct answer!

Resource summary

Question Answer
The smallest unit of speech Phoneme
Phonemes combine to make these Morphemes
A bound morpheme that changes the meaning or function of a root/stem to which it is attached. Affix
A meaningful affix attached to the end of a base, root, or stem that changes meaning or grammatical function of the word. Suffix
Selective strategies used by readers to recognize and read written words. The reader uses cues in a word that reveal enough to help with pronunciation and determine its meaning Decoding
Designed to develop skills before formal reading instruction Pre-reading
Rimes with the same spelling Phonograms
Initial consonant sound or blend Onset
What students already know about a specific topic, and allows for further knowledge to be built Background Knowledge
Language used in the classroom; formal language found in textbooks Academic Language
Words used when speaking Oral Vocabulary
Literal, Inferential, and Evaluative are examples of? Levels of comprehension
The ability to distinguish the separate phonemes in spoken words is called... Phonemic Awareness
Understanding that oral English is composed of smaller units Phonological Awareness
Structure and forms of words Morphology
The rate at which words are read correctly during oral reading Accuracy
Quick reading to obtain specific information Scanning
Principles which govern the rules of language Grammar
Letters which represent Phonemes Graphemes
When a student translates text into their own words they are Paraphrasing
Text which provides factual information Expository Text
Text which tells a story Narrative Text
Meaning in language Semantics
Three reading levels Independent, Instructional , Frustration
Two letter combination which makes one sound Consonant Digraph
Words which look the same yet sound different Homograph
Two letters which represent one sound Digraph
Grammatical rules of sentence formation Syntax
Division of words into syllables Syllabication
These words are recognized from memory without analysis Sight Words
Reading level which is too difficult for a student Frustration Reading level
Reading level which a student can read on their own with 95%+ accuracy Independent Reading Level
Reading level at which a student can read with assistance and support Instructional Reading Level
Support for students which slowly decreases as students improve Scaffolding
Component in fluency which refers to reading with proper expression Prosody
A simple sentence is composed of... one subject and one verb
Informal language used in interaction with peers Social Language
A compound sentence contains... two independent clauses
Complex sentences contain... Both an independent and dependent clause
The alphabetic principle states that... Oral language sounds are represented by letters
The Automaticity Theory states that readers are required to perform the following two tasks: Decode words and understand meaning of the text.
The average student can learn the meaning of this many words per week nine
A student that has poor fluency and word analysis will... Focus on decoding words rather than comprehension of text
These type of questions have answers in the book Literal comprehension questions
How and why questions are examples of... Inferential Comprehension Questions
A student making judgments about a text they have read is an example of... Evaluative Comprehension
Think and Search, Right There, Author and You, and On My Own are all examples of: Question Answer Relationships
Cause and effect, Compare/contrast, Problem and Solution, Sequence and Description are examples of: Expository Text Structures
Reading quickly for a general overview of text Skimming
An ideal fluency lesson will contain the following three components: Teacher Modeling, Student Practice, and Teacher Feedback
The CLOZE test is designed to: Assess Reading Comprehension
Where to begin reading, reading left to right, and return sweep are all examples of: Concepts about print
A young child's attempt to use their best judgment about spelling Invented Spelling
A child uses symbols from the alphabet but shows no knowledge of letter-sound correspondences Precommunicative Spelling
A child begins to understand letter-sound correspondence and that sounds are assigned to letters Semiphonetic Spelling
High Frequency Words should be taught as: Sight Words
An affix which attaches to the beginning of a word Prefix
A strategy in which groups are composed of children who will benefit from instruction on a similar reading skill Flexible Grouping
A running record with miscue analysis is designed to assess: Accuracy
A reader who has minor difficulty and no special resources are needed is classified as: Benchmark
A reader who is 1-2 years behind and requires additional resources is classified as: Strategic
Phonemic awareness lessons and activities would most benefit a student in which spelling stage? Semiphonetic
Letter recognition would be most beneficial for a student in which spelling stage? Precommunicative
providing different students with different avenues to learning in terms of: acquiring content Differentiated Instruction
The type of fluency miscue which involves a student's difficulty or inaccuracy decoding phonemic patterns Graphophonic
The type of fluency miscue in which a child reads a word that satisfies the meaning of the phrase, but is not the actual word presented Semantic Error
Repeated Reading of Independent level text will help to improve: Reading Rate
The most difficult type of words to decode CVCe words
Groups of words that have a common feature or pattern Word Families
Teaching independent and dependent clauses would be an example lesson in: Sentence Structure
Teaching story structure is an example in teaching a lesson in: Reading Comprehension
A student whose spelling is mostly correct would be at which spelling stage? Conventional
A student whose spelling is understandable but often misspelled would be at which spelling stage? Transitional
Semantic maps are used and most beneficial in teaching: Vocabulary
A struggling reader who is 2 or more years behind would be classified as : Intensive
Timed readings of a passage between 2 and 300 words would be used to assess: Reading Rate
Ways to differentiate an assessment for students with special needs would include: giving students more time, breaking it down into smaller simpler parts, differentiate mode of delivery
English Language Learners whose home language is not alphabetic will struggle with : letter and word representation and letter recognition, naming, and formation
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