Last WYNTK Sean DiJoseph

sdijoseph8
Flashcards by sdijoseph8, updated more than 1 year ago
sdijoseph8
Created by sdijoseph8 over 6 years ago
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WYNTK

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Question Answer
Amendment A change or addition to the Constitution.
Assimilate To completely understand something.
Bias To have an unfair opinion on a topic or subject.
Blockade Not allowing ships to leave or enter any sea ports.
Ku Klux Klan Group of white supremists who opposed blacks and terrorized them especially during Reconstruction.
Checks and Balances A system where one branch of the government has no more power than the other 2.
Congress Made up of 3 branches of the Government. The Judicial, Executive, and Legislative branches.
Veto To deny a bill of being passed.
Urban An area that is very populated with many buildings and lots of industrious work
Due Process of law The right to have a fair trial in court.
Enfranchise To give someone the right to vote.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin and a very strong abolitionist
John Brown Leader of the Harpers Fairy Raid and fought for the union but was later exexuted
Robert E. Lee Strongest general in the confederate army and won many battles
Emancipated To be freed from bondage
James K Polk Acquired the most land for America during his presidency. Some times referred to as Mr. Manifest Destiny
Thomas Jefferson 2nd President of the United States. He bought the Louisiana Purchase from spain
Frederick Douglass Escaped slave who later became an abolitionist and wrote about his cruel life as a slave in his famous autobiography
Biacameral having 2 sections of something/legislative branch
Boomtown Area of rapid population growth.
Capitalism Economic system where competition between other private companies is encouraged
Captain of Industry Business owner who uses wealth wisely and uses it for good things. Some donate money to charities
Economics The way people use/handle money and decisions
Emancipated To be freed from bondage.
Enumerated To be listed in the constitution
Federalism System of government where power is divided between federal and state governments
Forty-Niners Refers to miners who came to California in 1849 seeking to strike rich during the gold rush.
Free Enterprise System where anyone can enter the competitive economic market
Habeas Corpus The right to be seen before a judge. Lincoln took this away during the civil war
Industry Group of businesses that produce and sell a similar product
Judicial Branch of the government that interprets laws
Martyr Someone who dies for a religious cause
Monopoly When 2 business join forces and eliminates any other competition between competitor companies
Nomadic To move from place to place. Never permanently settles somewhere
Override To overcome a decision and change it (Usually is voted on)
Popular Sovereignty Principle of the government where people are the source of the governments power
Ratify To officially approve something
Radical Someone who has extreme actions or actions not normally seen
Republicanism The principle where people get to elect their representatives
Robber Baron Business owner who wont stop at anything to gain money and forces harsh working hours and harsh working conditions
Rural Area of a small population with lots of agriculture
Separation of Powers Principle where government is split into 3 branches
Social Darwinism Belief that people with certain traits will be able to prosper economicly and socially
Suffrage The right to vote
Supreme Court Group of 9 judges. Highest court in the country. Part of the Judicial branch
Tariff Tax imposed on imported goods
Taxation without representation Slogan that people said because they were being taxed unfairly and they couldn't have a say because they had no one who represented them in parliament
Trade Union Group of workers who represent them and they speak out when not happy about how business is going
Andrew Jackson Hated president who signed the Indian removal act
Sacagawea Native American woman who Served as a guide or translator on the corps of discovery
Andrew Johnson Arguably the worst president of all time. He was against making laws that helped blacks. Disagreed with congress often
Susan B Anthony Very powerful woman's rights suffragist
Sitting Bull Leader of the Lakota Sioux tribe. He put up a big fight against the army. Was later killed during an attempt to arrest him
George Custer United States commander that was killed by the Lakota Sioux tribe at Little Big Horn
Cornelius Vanderbilt Captain of Industry who invested in the railroad business.
John Rockafeller Captain of Industry who invested in the oil business. He is the richest man to ever live
Andrew Carnegie Captain of Industry who invested in the steel business
Jamestown 1st settlement in America. Heavily relied on tobacco
Plymouth Group of colonists seeking religious freedom from the king settled here
Lexington and Concord First official battle of the Revolutionary war
Erie Canal Used to trade goods and travel to other places
The Alamo Bloodiest battle of the Mexican-American War. Located in Texas
Harper's Ferry Confederate armory that John Brown attempted to raid.
Fort Sumter First battle of the Civil War in North Carolina
Gettysburg Bloodiest battle of the Civil War
Appomattox Courthouse Where the Confederate States of America Surrendered to the Union and the Civil War was ended
Ford's Theater Location where Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
Promontory Point, Utah Where the last spike of the transcontinental railroad was driven in
Ellis and Angel Island Where immigrants from other countries would arrive and get approved to stay in America
Declaration of Independence Document that stated the America is splitting away from England
Revolutionary War War between America and Britain and America won breaking away from England
Articles of Confederation 1st draft of the constitution but it was later replaced by the constitution because it gave too much power to the government
Great Compromise Compromise that granted fair representation in congress for every state. Also created the House of Representatives and the Senate
Passing of the Constitution Document says what the government can and cannot do
Adding the Bill of Rights First 10 amendments added to the constitution.
Louisiana Purchase Large portion of land bought buy Thomas Jefferson from Spain
Missouri Compromise Agreement made that allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state
Indian Removal Act Act signed by Andrew Jackson that forced All Native American tribes onto reservations
Mexican-American War War between Mexico and America over where the Texas territory ends
California Gold Rush Event where gold was discovered in California and people from all over came to California hoping to strike rich
Homestead Act Allowed for any american to put up a claim for 160 acres of land
Industrial Revolution Time period where america was rapidly changing from a agricultural economy to a industrial economy
Underground Railroad Secret system that helped slaves escape their owners
Seneca Falls Convention 1st women's rights convention. lasted 2 days
Compromise of 1850 Fugitive Slave Act amended, Slave trade was banned in D.C., and California was admitted into the union
Kansas-Nebraska Act Where the government allowed for the residents of the two territories to vote if they wanted their state to enter as a slave or free state
Dred Scott v. Sanford Case that stated that slaves are property and have no rights at all
Fugitive Slave Act Stated that if you saw a runaway you must catch the slave and return the slave to its owner. If not you would be arrested
Bleeding Kansas Time period of violence during the settling of the Kansas Territory
Civil War Started because of the south seceding from the union. Lasted 4 years until the South surrendered and the Union won
Emancipation Proclamation Freed all slaves in the area of the rebellion during the Civil War
Civil War Draft Riots Violence in New York due to wealthy people being able to pay out of the draft and poor people not being able to
Gettysburg Adress Speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg. Essentially stated that the men who died that battle should be honored by winning the war.
Reconstruction Period after the Civil War where our country was trying to heal the wound between the North and South
Civil War Amendments These 3 amendments abolished slavery, gave African Americans full rights, and allowed for African Americans to vote.
Completion of Trans-Continental Railroad Allowed for a safer and faster way of transportation across America
Indian Wars Conflict between the U.S. Army and Native Americans up until 1890
Gilded Age Time period of rapid economical growth
Populist Party Political party that represents the average citizens. Created by farmers from Kansas
Plessy v. Ferguson Court case decision stated that the Seperate but equal treatment was constitutional
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