Austria

Description

Austria is best known for the quality of its dry white wines, both from Gruner Veltliner and Riesling. However, Austria is also home to many fine red wines made from local varieties and sweet botrytised dessert wines.
Michelle Ames
Flashcards by Michelle Ames, updated more than 1 year ago
Michelle Ames
Created by Michelle Ames over 3 years ago
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Question Answer
What is the climate of Austria? Cool Continental. Summers are short with harsh winters.
What scandal in the 1980's seriously damaged Austria's reputation as a wine producing country? It was discovered that a few brokers were chemically adulterating wines to artificially give them added richness. As a result, Austrians tightened controls and began focusing on quality instead of acting as a supplier of bulk wines.
What are the three most widely planted white grape varieties in Austria? Gruner Veltliner, Welschriesling and Riesling.
Describe a good quality wine made from Gruner Veltliner. Full-bodied and concentrated with naturally high acidity and minerality. In youth it often gives flavours of citrus or stone fruit (sometimes with hints of white pepper), and develops layers of honey and toast as the wine ages. The best wines are capable of ageing for 3-10 years.
Where is the best Riesling grown in Austria? In the regions of Wachau, Kamptal and Kremstal.
Which grape variety is well suited for producing high quality dessert wines? Welschriesling as it is susceptible to botrytis.
What is Chardonnay known as in Austria? Morillon.
What are the three most important red grape varieties in Austria? Zweigelt, Blaufrankisch (Lemberger/Kekfrankos) and St. Laurent.
What is the Austrian measure for must weight? Klosterneuburger Mostwaage (KMW). 1° KMW = about 1.2 Brix or about 5 Oechsle.
What are the four federal states for PDO wines in Austria? Niederosterreich (Lower Austria), Burgenland, Steiermark (Styria) and Wien (Vienna).
Which river runs through Niederosterreich? The Danube.
Which region was the first Austrian DAC and what grape variety is allowed? Weinviertel DAC; Gruner Veltliner.
True or False: Klassik wines can have no discernible oak flavours. True. These wines must be made in a light, fresh and fruity style. Only Reserve wines are allowed to be matured in oak.
Kamptal DAC and Kremstal DAC lie north of what subregion that has chosen not to become a DAC and relies on its own classification system? Wachau. Ripeness for dry wines is classified here by Steinfeder (lightest style), Federspeil (classic, or middleweight wines) and Smaragd (fullest-bodied wines).
Which lake in the north of Burgenland is key for sweet wine production? Lake Neusiedl. The autumn mists and wetlands on its margins can almost guarantee botrytis every year. Ruster Ausbruch is often ranked among the finest dessert wines in the world.
Which federal state is known for international white grape varieties like Pinot Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc? Steiermark.
Which DAC produces a dry, fruit rose from the Blauer Wildbacher grape? Schilcherland DAC.
Which city is the only European capital to have a PDO within its limits? Vienna (Wien).
What is Gemischter Satz? Wines made from several different grape varieties fermented together. In the Wiener Gemischter Satz DAC, grapes must be grown, harvested, pressed and fermented together, with no more than 50% from any single variety, and a minimum of 10% each of at least three grape varieties.
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