Final Review- 2nd Half

cpeters
Flashcards by cpeters, updated more than 1 year ago
cpeters
Created by cpeters almost 6 years ago
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Review of material from the 2nd half of Block 5.

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Question Answer
Which drugs may be needed to treat a UTI? Macrobid (antiseptic), pyridium (analgesic), Cipro (antibiotic), penicillins (antibiotic), Anaspaz (antispasmodic)
What labs can help a HCP diagnose glomerulonephritis? UA - Hematuria, proteinuria, ↑ specific gravity 24 hour urine creatinine clearance (↓ to 50mL/min) 24 hour urine protein (Can be ↑ from 500mg in 24 hrs to 3gms in 24 hrs) Albumin- Low due to ↑ loss of protein in urine GFR- will be ↓
What is the difference in treatment between acute and chronic glomerulonephritis? Acute: treated with antibiotics Chronic: Diet changes, manage fluids, slow progression of disease
Name the main methods of treatment for urolithiasis. 1. Pain relief 2. lithotripsy 3. surgery, stent placement
What is a hydroureter? Enlargement and dilation of the ureter due to obstruction
What is hydronephrosis? Enlargement of kidney caused by obstruction of urine flow and back up into kidneys
You are assigned to a patient with lupus. Today their labs revealed proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, anasarca, hypertension, and renal vein thrombosis. Upon assessment he also has puffy facial features. What would you suspect and how would you treat it? Nephrotic Syndrome Treated with dietary protein replacement, restrict sodium intake, diuretics (for edema), antibiotics (if infection), and possibly corticosteroid therapy
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