Hominids

bailey1997
Flashcards by bailey1997, updated more than 1 year ago
bailey1997
Created by bailey1997 almost 6 years ago
13
0

Description

Evolution of Humans with respective traits, including age, tool culture and cranial capacity (cm^3)

Resource summary

Question Answer
Australopithecus Afarensis bipedal reduced canines; large molars prognathic parallel sided dental arcade intermediate foramen magnum East Africa 3.8 - 2.9 mya cranial capacity = 400 - 450cc sexual dimorphism
Paranthropus Boisei reduced canine; large molars prognathic parallel sided dental arcade intermediate foramen magnum South & East Africa 2.6 - 1.2 mya Cranial capacity = 500cc
Homo Habilis Monomorphic teeth (same size) prognathic parabolic dental arcade central foramen magnum South & East Africa 2.3 - 1.9 mya Cranial capacity = 650cc Small (weight ~30kg, height ~125cm) may have had rudimentary language
Homo Erectus monomorphic teeth slightly prognathic parabolic dental arcade central foramen magnum China & Java 1.6 - 0.25 mya Cranial capacity = 830 - 1000 cc first use of fire + shelter building
Homo Ergaster monomorphic teeth slightly prognathic parabolic dental arcade central foramen magnum Africa & Europe 1.8 - 0.5 mya Cranial Capacity = 850 - 1000cc Acheulian Tool Culture
Homo Heidelbergensis monomorphic teeth slightly prognathic parabolic dental arcade central forament magnum Africa, Asia & Europe 0.8 - 0.2 mya Cranial capacity = 1200 - 1300cc Acheulian Tool Culture group hunting of large game
Homo Sapiens monomorphic teeth orthognathic parabolic dental arcade central foramen magnum Pandemic (African Origin) 200,000ya - present day Cranial capacity = 1250 - 1400cc
Homo Neanderthalensis monomorphic teeth orthognathic parabolic dental arcade central foramen magnum Europe & Middle East 125,000 - 35,000ya Cranial capacity = 1200 - 1600cc stocky + robust - survived Ice Ages (probably interbred with H.Sapiens)
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

The structure of the heart
rachel_w
4. The Skeletal System - bones of the skull
t.whittingham
Neuro anatomy
James Murdoch
The structure of the Heart, AS Biology
mill-bill
Renal System A&P
Kirsty Jayne Buckley
Respiratory anatomy
James Murdoch
1. Anatomy & Physiology of the Ear
t.whittingham
Unit 4: The Respiratory and Circulatory Systems
Cath Warriner
Population Growth
Adam Collinge
Complete Skeleton
Malori Lindsay
Unit 4: Respiratory and Circulatory System
Cath Warriner