Week 4 Tropical America

Amanda Granados
Flashcards by Amanda Granados, updated more than 1 year ago
Amanda Granados
Created by Amanda Granados almost 6 years ago


Plants of Tropical America

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Question Answer
Family: Agavaceae Scientific name: Agave spp. Common names: agave, tequila, century plant Origin: Mexico Treats constipation, excess burping, and arthritis joints.
Family: Annonaceae Scientific name: Annona muricata Common names: soursop, guanabana Origin: South and Central America Treats diarrhea, dysentery, diabetes, liver disease, and type 2 diabetes.
Family: Aquifoliaceae Scientific name: Ilex paraguarensis Common names: mate, yerba mate Origin: South America Is a stimulant for mental and physical fatigue.
Family: Araceae Scientific name: Monstera deliciosa Common names: monstera, split-leaf philodendron Origin: Mexico, Central America Treats colds and rheumatism.
Family: Asteraceae Scientific name: Stevia rebaudiana Common names: steiva, sweetleaf, caa-ehe Origin: South America Is a sweetener. Treats type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Family: Bignoniaceae Scientific name: Crescentia cujete Common names: calabash tree Origin: South and Central America Treats diarrhea, bronchitis, urethritis, and hypertension.
Family: Bixaceae Scientific name: Bixa orellana Common names: annatto, achiote, lipstick tree Origin: South America Treats type 2 diabetes mellitus and fungal infections.
Family: Bromeliaceae Scientific name: Ananas comosus Common names: pineapple, nana Origin: South America Treats diarrhea. Anti-inflammatory and is a proteolytic agent. Used to treat diarrhea.
Family: Bromeliaceae Scientific name: Tillandsia usneoides Common names: Spanish moss Origin: Southern Virginia to Argentina Treats type 2 diabetes mellitus, heart disease, edema, and hemmorrhoids.
Family: Cactaceae Scientific name: Echinopsis pachanoi Common names: San Pedro cactus Origin: Andes region of South America Treats nervous conditions, cardiac disease, and high blood pressure. Is a hallucinogen for spiritual purposes.
Family: Cactaceae Scientific name: Lophophora williamsii Common names: peyote Origin: Central Mexico to Southwestern USA Is a hallucinogen for spiritual purposes. Is a galactogogue.
Family: Cactaceae Scientific name: Opuntia spp. Common names: prickly pear cactus, nopal Origin: Mexico to SW USA Treats type 2 diabetes, diarrhea, and stomachache.
Family: Campanulaceae Scientific name: Lobelia tupa Common names: lobelia Origin: South America Used as a hallucinogen and an abortifacient.
Family: Caricaceae Scientific name: Carica papaya Common names: papaya Origin: Tropical America Treats ringworm, high blood pressure, skin sores, stomachache, and fungal infections. Used as an aphrodisiac, proteolytic meat tenderizer, heart tonic, and an analgesic.
Family: Convolvulaceae Scientific name: Ipomoea batatas Common names: sweet potato Origin: South America Treats asthma, diabetes, hookworm, hemmorrhages, and abscesses. Is used as a galactogogue.
Family: Cucurbitaceae Scientific name: Cucurbita spp. Common names: butternut squash and pumpkin Origin: Tropical America Treats intestinal worms, diarrhea, urinary tract infections, hepatitis, urethritis, and benign prostatic hypertrophy.
Family: Dioscoreaceae Scientific name: Dioscorea spp Common names: wild yam Origin: pantropical Treats rheumatism and impotence. Used as a female contraceptive.
Family: Euphorbiaceae Scientific name: Hevea brasiliensis Common names: rubber, Para rubber tree Origin: South America Used for condoms and rubber gloves.
Family: Euphorbiaceae Scientific name: Manihot esculenta Common names: manioc, cassava Origin: South America Treats diarrhea, malaria, hypertension, headache, and pain.
Family: Fabaceae Scientific name: Acacia cornigera Common names: acacia, bullhorn acacia Origin: Mexico Treats muscle discomfort, colds, and skin infections.
Family: Fabaceae Scientific name: Mimosa pudica Common names: sensitive plant Origin: Brazil; now a pantropical weed Treats fever, syphilis, leprosy, and treat intestinal worms.
Family: Heliconiaceae Scientific name: Heliconia spp. Common names: heliconia, lobster-claw, false bird of paradise Origin: South and Central America Treats diarrhea. Used as a tonic and a diuretic.
Family: Lamiaceae Scientific name: Salvia divinorum Common names: divine salvia, diviner's sage, salvia Origin: Southern Mexico Treats headache and rheumatism. Used as a tonic and a hallucinogenic.
Family: Lauraceae Scientific name: Persea americana Common names: avocado Origin: Tropical America Treats diabetes, kidney disease, diarrhea, colds, and syphilis. Used as an aphrodisiac.
Family: Malvaceae Scientific name: Ceiba pentandra Common names: kapok, silk-cotton tree Origin: Tropical America Treats headache and type 2 diabetes. Used as a diuretic and an aphrodisiac.
Family: Malvaceae Scientific name: Ceiba speciosa Common names: floss silk tree, palo borracho Origin: Tropical America Is a spine decoction used as an abortifacient.
Family: Malvaceae Scientific name: Theobroma cacao Common names: chocolate, cacao Origin: South America Is an aphrodisiac and a stimulant.
Family: Marcgraviaceae Scientific name: Marcgravia rectiflora Common names: marcgravia Origin: Tropical America Tonic to enhance health.
Family: Monimiaceae Scientific name: Peumus boldus Common names: boldo Origin: Chile Treats dyspeptic complaints and enhances digestion.
Family: Myrtaceae Scientific name: Psidium guajava Common names: guava Origin: Tropical America, Mexico Treats diarrhea, stomachache, and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Family: Orchidaceae Scientific name: Vanilla planifolia Common names: vanilla Origin: Mexico Treats irregular menstruation. Used as an aphrodisiac and as a stimulant.
Family: Oxalidaceae Scientific name: Biophytum sensitivum Common names: life plant Origin: Costa Rica Treats high cholesterol and hyperglycemia.
Family: Piperaceae Scientific name: Peperomia congesta Common names: peperomia Origin: Tropical America Treats respiratory infections.
Family: Rubiaceae Scientific name: Cinchona pubescens Common names: quinine bark, quina, cinchona bark, calisaya bark, Ledger bark Origin: South America Treats fever and malaria.
Family: Rubiaceae Scientific name: Psychotria spp. Common names: Psychotria Origin: South America Treats parasites and diarrhea. Used as an emetic and purgative.
Family: Sapindaceae Scientific name: Paullinia spp. Common names: guarana, yoco Origin: South America Used as a stimulant and to enhance strength.
Family: Solanaceae Scientific name: Brugsmania sanguinea Common names: brugsmania, angel's trumpet, trumpet flower Origin: South America Treats asthma. Used as a hallucinogen for spiritual purposes.
Family: Solanaceae Scientific name: Capsicum annuum Common names: hot pepper, chili pepper, cayenne pepper, and bell pepper Origin: Tropical America Treats rheumatism, neuralgia, myalgia, muscle spasms, and pain. Is an anti-infective for gastrointestinal, upper respiratory, and skin infections.
Family: Solanaceae Scientific name: Nicotiana tabacum Common names: tobacco Origin: South America Used as a CNS stimulant to treat Alzheimer's disease. Used as an insecticide.
Family: Solanaceae Scientific name: Solanum lycopersicum Common names: tomato Origin: South American Andes Reduces coronary artery disease and prostate cancer. Used as a hemostatic.
Family: Tropaeolaceae Scientific name: Tropaeolum majus Common names: nasturtium Origin: South America Treats inflammation, fungal infections, mouth sores, and vaginitis.
Family: Urticaceae Scientific name: Cecropia obtusifolia Common names: cecropia Origin: South and Central America Treats type 2 diabetes and promotes weight loss.
Family: Verbenaceae Scientific name: Clerodendrum thomsoniae Common names: Clerodendrum, glorybower Origin: Peru Treats fever. Used as a tonic and mucolytic.
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