Civics

hvbritt
Flashcards by hvbritt, updated more than 1 year ago
hvbritt
Created by hvbritt about 5 years ago
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Social contract an implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits
Baron de Montesquieu (big idea) A french writer who who developed the idea to separate the government into three different powers.
Jamestown, Virginia the first settlement of the Virginia Colony, founded in 1607
Bicameral of a legislative body having two branches or chambers.
House of burgesses The first legislative assembly in the American colonies.
Pilgrims a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons.
Mayflower compact signed by 41 English colonists on the ship Mayflower on November 11, 1620, was the first written framework of government
Indentured servants a labor system whereby young people paid for their passage to the New World by working for an employer for a certain number of years.
Triangular slave trade a pattern of colonial commerce in which slaves were bought on the African Gold Coast with New England rum and then traded in the West Indies for sugar or molasses
Salutary neglect refers to an unofficial and long-term
French/indian war The war in America which France and its Indian allies opposed England
Mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
Boycott withdraw from commercial or social relations with a country, as a punishment or protest.
Stamp act an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents.
Declatory act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.
Boston massacre a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks,
Boston tea party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston.
Intolerable acts was the American Patriots' name for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774
Common sense Published in 1776, Common Sense challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. (the book)
Second continental congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775
Declaration of independence as the formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain.
Articles of confederation This document served as the United States' first constitution
Daniel shays rebellion is the name given to a series of protests in 1786 and 1787 by American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections and judgments for debt.
John Locke was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers
Thomas jefferson Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence
Battle of lexington and concord "the shot heard around the world". Start of the revolutionary war.
English bill of rights act that the Parliament of England passed on December 16, 1689. The Bill creates separation of powers, limits the powers of the king and queen, enhances the democratic election and bolsters freedom of speech.
Natural rights Rights that you were born with life, liberty, and property
Social contract Agreement between people and the government.
Enlightenment Movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society.
Proprietary colony Colony owned by a person who controlled the land and govt.
Royal colony Crown, or royal, colonies were ruled by a governor appointed by the monarch
Middle passage the Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped to the New World
Parliament The british legislature.
Legislature A group of people that makes laws
Precedent A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision
Common law A system of law-based on precedent and customs
Compact An agreement or contract.
Town meeting A gathering of local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues
Congress A formal meeting at which representatives discuss matters of common concern
Independence Self-reliance and freedom from outside control
Confederation A group of individuals or states that band together for a common purpose
Magna carta A great charter signed in 1215 by King John; limited the power of the monarch and recognied rights of the nobles
Glorious Revolution 1688 the peaceful transfer of power in history of England.
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