AP HUG

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 Question Answer Age Distribution A population pyramid, also called an age pyramid or age picture diagram, is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing Cohort a population group that's distinguished by a certain characteristic Doubling Time time it takes for a country to double its population Demographic Equation equation that summarizes the amount of growth or decline in a population during a certain period of time, also taking into account net migration and natural increase Ecumene meeting place for the world's religions and ideologies Gendered Space areas or regions designed for men or women. J-Curve a growth curve that depicts exponential growth; shaped like a "J". Mortality death rate in a population; the probability of dying. Natality the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area. Population Densities A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land Population Projection predicts the future population of an area or the world. Helps predict future problems with population such as overpopulation or under population of a certain race or ethnicity. Rate of Natural Increase the percentage by which a population grows in a year. S-Curve a curve that depicts logistic growth; shape of an "S". Standard of Living the quality of life based on the possession of necessities and luxuries that make life easier. Underpopulation circumstances of too few people to sufficiently develop the resources of a country or region to improve the level of living of its inhabitants. Activity Space the space within which daily activity occurs Chain Migration the social process by which immigrants from a particular town follow one another to a different city Distance Decay the various degenerative effects of distance on human spatial structures and interactions Forced Migration human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate Gravity Model predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the number of people in the area and inversely related to the distance people must travel to access it Intervening Opportunity an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that helps migration Migratory Movement human relocation movement from a source to a destination without a return journey, as opposed to cyclical movement Personal Space the space a person can reach without travelling Refugee people who have been dislocated involuntarily from their original place of settlement Space-Time Prism the set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum possible speed from a starting point in space-time and an ending point in space-time Transmigration moving from one country or region to another Transhumance a seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between lowland and highland pastures Voluntary Migration population movement in which people relocate in response to percieved oppurtunity, not because they are forced to move Cyclic Movement movement that has a closed route repeated annually or seasonally Pull Factors those that pull you towards a certain destination, such as weather, economy, and family Push Factors those that push you away from your current abode, such as weather, economy, and family

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