Flashcards by lmhedgepeth, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by lmhedgepeth over 5 years ago


Congress Flash Cards

Resource summary

Question Answer
Bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Bills of Attainder prohibits a person being found guilty of a crime without a trial
Cloture A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill
Constituents The residents of a congressional district or state.
Elastic Clause Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
Ex Post Facto Laws A law which punishes people for a crime that was not a crime when it was committed. Congress cannot pass these laws.
Expressed Powers powers directly stated in the constitution
Filibuster A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue.
Franking Privilege Benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free
Gerrymander change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
House of Representatives 435 members
Impeach To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Implied Powers Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
Joint Committee A committee composed of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate; such committees oversee the Library of Congress and conduct investigations.
Party Whips "Cheerleaders"; provide communication b/t general party members (rank & File) and the Party Leaders.
Pocket Veto A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
Pork Barrell Projects Appropriations of funds by congressional legislators for projects in their districts
President Pro Tempore Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
Select Committee A temporary legislative committee established for a limited time period and for a special purpose.
Seniority System a system that gives the member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted service on a particular committee the leadership of that committee
Speaker of the House An office mandated by the Constitution. The Speaker is chosen in practice by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed to the presidency should that office become vacant.
Standing Committee A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
US Represenative Qualifactions Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for representatives. Each representative must: (1) be at least twenty-five years old; (2) have been a citizen of the United States for the past seven years; and (3) be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state they represent.
US Senator Qualifactions US Senator Qualifactions The Constitution sets three qualifications for service in the U.S. Senate: age (at least thirty years of age); U.S. citizenship (at least nine years); and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election
Veto Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
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