Separate But Equal

lmhedgepeth
Flashcards by lmhedgepeth, updated more than 1 year ago
lmhedgepeth
Created by lmhedgepeth over 5 years ago
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Separate But Equal Flashcards

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Question Answer
14th Amendment 1) Citizenship for African Americans, 2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise, 3) Denial of former confederate officials from holding national or state office, 4) Repudiate (reject) confederate debts
De jure Segregaetion segregation established by law
De facto Segregation Latin phrase for "by fact". Segregation by result of tradition
Jim Crow Laws Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Original Jurisdiction The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. These are the courts that determine the facts about a case.
Appellate Jurisdiction Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or administrative agency.
Legal Brief A written document drawn up by an attorney that presents the facts and points pf law in a clients case
Majority Opinion a statement that presents the views of the majority of supreme court justices regarding a case
Dissenting Opinion A statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her opinion
Stare Decisis A common law doctrine under which judges are obligated to follow the precedents established in prior decisions
Precedent (n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
Due Process of Laws Amendment 5 and 14
Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court case that decided US Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories and slaves, as private property, could not be taken away without due process - basically slaves would remain slaves in non-slave states and slaves could not sue because they were not citizens
Plessy v. Ferguson a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Brown v. Board of Education 1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Briggs v. Elliot South Carolina Supreme Court case that dealt with segregation in the public school system.
Korematsu 1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor
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