Origins of the Vietnam War

Flashcards by , created almost 6 years ago

GCSE Vietnam Flashcards on Origins of the Vietnam War, created by sagar.joban on 08/04/2013.

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Created by sagar.joban almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Vietnam - Pre WW2 France ruled Indochina (Vietnam)
Vietnam - 1942 to 1945 1942 - Japan invaded and occupied French Indochina. They treated the Vietnamese brutally. Ho Chi Minh led a strong Communist resistance - by 1945, Japan was defeated.
Vietnam - The First Indochina War French returned and reoccupied Vietnam. However, Ho Chi Minh and his supporters continued to fight for independence. French defeated at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Signed a peace treaty - French removed and Vietnam divided along the 17th parallel.
Why did USA send troops to Vietnam? Eisenhower was worried of Communism - domino theory. He thought that Ho Chi Minh would win the national election so helped Ngo Dinh Diem (anti-Communist) set up Republic of South Vietnam.
Diem's Reign Diem's Government was corrupt - he put relatives in power and refused to hold elections. Treated Vietnamese peasants badly - the peasants then began to support the Vietcong (National Liberation Front for South Vietnam). The Vietcong began a guerrilla war against the South Vietnamese government.