UNIT 7: MEETING INDIVIDUAL NEEDS (A1-B1)

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A-Level Health and Social Care Flashcards on UNIT 7: MEETING INDIVIDUAL NEEDS (A1-B1), created by eg04976550 on 01/16/2016.
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A1 SECTORS
WHAT ARE THE FOUR SECTORS? 1) PUBLIC (STATUTORY) 2) PRIVATE (INDEPENDENT) 3) VOLUNTARY (INDEPENDENT) 4) INFORMAL
WHAT IS A MIXED ECONOMY OF CARE? MULTIPLE SECTORS COMBINED TO DELIVER CARE E.G DOCTOR MAY REFER TO A RESIDENTIAL CARE HOME
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF A MIXED ECONOMY OF CARE? -GREATER CHOICE -GREATER FLEXIBILITY -INDEPENDENCE PROMOTED -MORE COST EFFECTIVE -NEEDS LED
WHAT IS THE PUBLIC SECTOR? CARE SERVICES THAT ARE PROVIDED BY THE LAW
WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR? IT IS CARE THAT IS DELIVERED BY THE STATE WHICH HAS CREATED LAWS. THIS CARE IS PAID FOR BY TAXES AND EVERYONE HAS AN ENTITLEMENT TO IT. LOW INCOME/PREGNANT PEOPLE ARE EXCEPT FROM CHARGED E.G- HOSPITALS/GP'S/SOCIAL SERVICES
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR? -PROVIDES FUNDING FOR SERVICES -PROMOTES HIGH QUALITY OF SERVICES -CAN RESPOND QUICK TO ISSUES (EPIDEMICS)
WHAT IS THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR? CARE DELIVERED FREE OF CHARGE, USUALLY IN THE FORM OF CHARITIES.
WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR? IT IS PART OF THE INDEPENDENT SECTOR, THEY ARE NON-PROFIT ORGANISATIONS THAT ARE NOT FUNDED VIA TAX SO RELY SOLELY ON DONATIONS AND VOLUNTEERS. E.G- AGE CONCERN/MENCAP
ROLE OF VOLUNTARY SECTOR? HELPS CREATE A MIXED ECONOMY OF CARE WHILST PROVIDING SERVICES IN WHICH OTHER SECTORS ARE NOT ABLE TO (PALLIATIVE CARE). THESE SERVICES REDUCE THE PRESSURE ON STATE. THEY ARE QUITE EFFECTIVE AT LOBBYING AND ARE GOOD AT MEETING LOCAL CARE NEEDS (ST ROCCOS)
WHAT ISSUES ARE THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR FACED WITH WHEN DELIVERING CARE? THEY ARE UNDER PRESSURE TO COMPETE WITH OTHER CHARITIES AND ARE VERY RELIANT ON GOVERNMENT FUNDING. THEY ARE ONLY EFFECTIVE IF VOLUNTEERS FREE TO HELP AND THE SUPPORT PROVIDED IS NOT SPECIALIST.
WHAT IS THE PRIVATE SECTOR? CARE GIVEN BY SPECIALISTS OUTSIDE OF THE NHS
WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR? IT IS PART OF THE INDEPENDENT SECTOR WHEREBY PRIVATE BUSINESSES RUN TO MAKE A PROFIT. THEY PUT A CHARGE TO THE SERVICE USERS E.G- CARE HOME/BUPA
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN DELIVERING CARE? IT IS PART OF THE MIXED ECONOMY OF CARE, THAT PROVIDE GREATER CHOICES FOR THE SERVICE USERS. IT HAS BETTER RESOURCES AND CAN RESPOND QUICKER IN DEMAND. USUALLY HAS SHORTER WAITING TIMES.
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR? CREATES INEQUALITY (SOME CANT AFFORD) AND IT CAN BECOME INCREASINGLY EXPENSIVE. THE ORGANISATIONS ARE MORE INTERESTED IN PROFIT MAKING THAN THE PATIENTS AND IT RESULTS IN THE VOLUNTARY SECTOR BEING UNABLE TO COMPETE.
WHAT IS THE INFORMAL SECTOR? CARE THAT IS DELIVERED BY FAMILY OR FRIENDS
WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR? ITS UNPAID WORK E.G PARENT GIVING CHILD MEDICINE WHEN ILL
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR? THE INDIVIDUAL KNOWS AND CAN CARE FOR THE PATIENT. CAN BE ACCESSIBLE 24/7.
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES WITH THE INFORMAL SECTOR? CAN PLACE BURDEN ON FAMILY AND THEY ARE NOT QUALIFIED.
A2 THE ROLE OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
WHAT IS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT? THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR RUNNING THE COUNTRY AND MAKE DECISIONS THAT WILL EFFECT ALL. CONSISTS OF ELECTED MP'S AND CIVIL SERVANTS.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT? 1) PROVIDE SERVICES 2) PLAN SERVICES 3)FUND SERVICES 4) MAKE POLICIES 5) LEGISLATE 6) REGULATE
WHY DO WE NEED TO REFORM THE SERVICES? -DUE TO CHANGES IN POPULATIONS HEALTH -IN RESPONSE TO RESOURCE CHANGE -CLINICAL NEEDS MAY CHANGE -MAINTAIN HIGH LEVELS OF SERVICE/STANDARDS
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR THEM TO REGULARLY REVIEW? -IT CAN STRENGTHEN THE EXISTING LEGISLATION -IDENTIFY WHAT IS/ISN'T WORKING -MAKE CHANGES TO IMPROVE HEALTH AND WELL-BEING -ENSURES NEEDS ARE BEING MET -WIDENS LEGISLATION TO COVER MORE PEOPLE
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN PROMOTING HIGH QUALITY OF CARE? -CAN LEAD VIA LEGISLATION -ENFORCES STANDARDS -CAN ESTABLISH BODIES SUCH AS NICE -SETS TARGETS -CAN ACT QUICKLY WHEN THINGS GO WRONG -PATIENTS RIGHTS ARE BEING MET
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES THAT CENTRAL GOVERNMENT FACE? -LACK OF MONEY (ECONOMIC RECESSIONS) -CAN IGNORE PROFESSIONAL BODIES TO FOLLOW POLITICAL AGENDA -STANDARDS ARE NOT ALWAYS ENFORCED WHICH CAN LEAD TO MISTAKES (BABY P)
A3 THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT
WHAT IS LOCAL GOVERNMENT? THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR SMALL GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS, SUCH AS A TOWN. MAKE UP OF ELECTED PEOPLE AND CIVIL SERVANTS. THEY MANAGE, ORGANISE AND FUND THE DELIVERY OF SERVICE IN THAT AREA
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT? -NEEDS ARE MET -GREATER INDEPENDENCE -EMPOWERMENT -EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION -NORMALIZATION PROMOTED
A4 LEGISLATION
WHAT IS LEGISLATION? LAWS PASSED BY GOVERNMENT THAT DICTATE WHAT CARE PROVIDERS MUST/MUST NOT DO (CONFIDENTIALITY) THEY ALSO STATE WHAT CARE USERS ARE ENTITLED TO
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF LEGISLATION P- PROTECTS VULNERABLE PEOPLE I- IMPROVED QUALITY OF CARE E- EFFICIENCY IMPROVED C- CHOICE IS INCREASED E- EMPOWERMENT/INDEPENDENCE PROMOTES S- SPEED OF CARE INCREASED
EXAMPLES OF KEY LEGISLATION THE CHILDREN'S ACT MENTAL HEALTH ACT EQUALITY ACT DATA PROTECTION ACT
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF LEGISLATION ON SERVICE USERS? -PROMOTES RIGHTS -PROMOTES INCLUSION -REDUCES DISCRIMINATION -OFFERS METHODS OF REDRESS -PROMOTES SELF-ESTEEM/CONCEPT -PROMOTES BETTER QUALITY SERVICES
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES WITH LEGISLATION? -HASN'T PREVENTED ALL DISCRIMINATION (INDIRECT) -SOME CARE WORKERS DO NOT UNDERSTAND THE IMPORTANCE OF PROMOTING RIGHTS -SERVICE USERS DON'T KNOW THEIR RIGHTS
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO REVIEW LEGISLATION ON A REGULAR BASIS? -CLOSE LOOPHOLES IN LEGISLATION -REFLECT SOCIAL CHANGES WITHIN SOCIETY -PROMOTES SOCIAL INCLUSION -ENSURE VULNERABLE PEOPLE PROTECTED -ENSURES RISKS ARE NOT BEING TAKEN -PROMOTE HUMAN RIGHTS
B1 ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS AND THE CARE PLAN CYCLE
WHAT IS THE CARE PLAN CYCLE? THE PROCESS BY WHICH CARE NEEDS OF AN INDIVIDUAL ARE IDENTIFIED, CARE IS PLANNED, DELIVERED AND EVALUATED. IT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED VIA LEGISLATION (NHS&CC ACT 1990) THIS IS A LEGAL ENTITLEMENT TO ALL CARE USERS
WHAT DOES A CARE PLAN DO? -IDENTIFIES THE NEEDS -PROMOTES NORMALITY -MEETS HOLISTIC CARE NEEDS -PERSON-CENTERED CARE -NEEDS LED
WHAT ARE THE OVERALL BENEFITS OF THE CARE PLAN CYCLE? -PROMOTES CLIENTS RIGHTS -PROMOTES EMPOWERMENT -HAS EMOTIONAL/MENTAL HEALTH BENEFITS -PROMOTES CONTINUITY OF CARE -REFLECTS CARE VALUE BASE -COULD MAKE SERVICE USER FEEL LESS VULNERABLE
WHAT IS CARE MANAGEMENT? THE PROCESS OF ASSESSING INDIVIDUALS NEEDS AND ALLOCATING RESOURCES IN THE CARE PLAN -RECOGNISES EACH INDIVIDUALS NEEDS ARE UNIQUE -TAILORS SERVICE TO INDIVIDUAL -PROCESS FOR IMPLEMENTING CARE -SUPPORTS CLIENTS NEEDS -PROMOTES HOLISTIC CARE -EXPLAINS/OUTLINES HOW CARE WILL BE DELIVERED
WHAT IS A PACKAGE OF CARE? REFERS TO ALL THE SERVICES AND CARE A CARE USER WILL RECEIVE TO MEET THEIR ASSESSED NEEDS. IT OUTLINES EXACTLY WHAT IS NEEDED IN WAY OF CARE, EQUIPMENT TO ALLOW THEM TO LIVE IN THEIR NORMAL WAY
WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OF PACKAGES OF CARE? 1) DISIBILITY EQUIPTMENT AND ADAPTATIONS TO THE HOME 2) DAILY ASSISSTENCE WITH PERSONAL CARE/COOKING 3) DAY CENTERS TO GIVE CARER BREAK 4) DAY CARE SO CLIENT CAN SOCIALISE 5) ADMITTANCE TO CARE HOME
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF DELIVERING A PACKAGE OF CARE? -PROMOTES INDEPENDENCE -EMPOWERS SERVICE USER -MEETS HOLISTIC NEEDS -PROMOTES PHYSICAL/INTELLECTUAL/SOCIAL/ EMOTIONAL BENEFITS -IMPROVES OVERALL PHYSICAL HEALTH
WHAT ARE THE STAGES IN THE CARE PLAN CYCLE? 1) ASSESSMENT 2) PLANNING 3) IMPLEMENTATION 4) REVIEW AND MONITORING 5) EVALUATION
WHAT IS ASSESSMENT? THIS IS THE METHOD USED TO DETERMINE THE NEEDS OF THE SERVICE USER. THE FIRST ASSESSMENT IS CONDUCTED BY THE FIRST PROFESSIONAL TO MEET WITH THE S/U. IT ALLOWS PROFESSIONALS TO GAIN A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THEIR SITUATION AND IDENTIFIES ANY OPPOTUINITIES BY WHICH SERVICE USER CAN STILL MANAGE OWN LIFE
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF ASSESSMENT? -PHYSICAL NEEDS (MOBILITY, DIET) -EMOTIONAL HEALTH -SOCIAL/PERSONAL CARE (WASHING/FEEDING) -INTELLECTUAL NEEDS -ACCESS/TRANSPORT NEEDS -FINANCIAL SITUATION -NEEDS OF THE CARER
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF ASSESSING NEEDS? -IT PROMOTES INDEPENDENCE -EMPOWERS CARE USER -HELP OVERCOME BARRIERS -HELPS UNDERSTAND WHAT ADDITIONAL SERVICES ARE REQUIRED
WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF NOT ASSESSING NEEDS? -CAN CREATE FURTHER VULNERABILITY -CAN DIS-EMPOWER -INCREASE LEVEL OF ACCIDENTS -TAKE AWAY RIGHTS/CHOICES -INCREASE RISK OF HARM -INEFFECTIVE USE OF RESOURCES
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF ASSESSING THE CARERS NEEDS? -CARER FEELS MORE VALUES/NEEDED -RELIEVES THE PRESSURE -PROVIDES CARER WITH BREAKS -THEY HAVE A SAY IN THE CARE THEY'RE PROVIDING -REDUCES HARM -PROMOTES CITIZENSHIP/EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITIES
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES OF NOT ASSESSING CARERS NEEDS? -MAY INCREASE STRESS ON CARER -RESULTS IN CARER BECOMING MENTALLY/PHYSICALLY ILL -ABUSE MAY OCCUR -NEGLECTED SERVICE USER -RISK OF DANGER INCREASES
WHAT IS A RISK ASSESSMENT? PART OF THE PROCESS WHERE BY THEY DETERMINE THE MEASURE OF HOW LIKELY A POTENTIAL HAZARD IS LIKELY TO CAUSE HARM
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO ASSESS RISK? -PART OF CARE VALUE BASE -LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY -PROTECTS HEALTH/SAFETY -ENSURES GOOD QUALITY OF CARE DELIVERED -PROTECTS VULNERABLE CLIENTS FROM HARM
WHAT IS PLANNING? INVOLVES THE PLAN OF HOW THE CARE WILL BE DELIVERED
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PLANNING? -PREVENTS OVERLAPS IN SERVICES -HIGHLIGHTS GAPS IN CARE -PROMOTES CONTINUITY OF CARE -CAN PHYSICALLY HELP RECOVERY
WHAT IS IMPLEMENTATION? THIS IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH CARE IS DELIVERED
WHAT IS MONITORING AND REVIEWING? PROCESS OF OVERSEEING DELIVERY OF CARE AND ENSURING ALL THE NEEDS ARE BEING MET.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF MONITORING AND REVIEWING? -CHECKS ANY ACHIEVEMENTS -CHECK IF OBJECTIVES BEING MET -ENSURES SERVICES ARE BEING DELIVERED ACCORDING TO SPECIFICATIONS -IDENTIFIES ANY UNMET NEEDS -SEE WHERE SUPPORT IS NEEDED -IDENTIFY WHAT NEEDS CHANGING FOR REVIEW MEETINGS
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT THAT THE CARE PLAN IS REVIEWED AND MONITORED REGULARY? -NEEDS MET MORE PRECISELY THROUGH REVIEW -NEEDS COULD CHANGE -COULD BE CHANGE IN MEDICATION -CONDITION MAY DETERIORATE -ALLOWS CLIENTS TO RAISE QUESTIONS OVER CARE -ALLOWS PROFESSIONALS TO SEE HOW EFFECTIVE CARE PLAN IS
WHAT IS EVALUATING? STAGE WHERE THE SUCCESSES/FAILURES ARE EXAMINES AND IMPROVEMENTS IDENTIFIED
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO EVALUATE THE DELIVERY OF CARE? -EVALUATE REASONS FOR SUCCESS/FAILURE -REVIEW EFFECTIVENESS OF PLAN -PROVIDES OPPORTUNITY FOR CLIENTS TO SPEAK -REVISE OBJECTIVES/SERVICES -NOTES ANY UNMET NEEDS -ENSURE THAT THE NEEDS WERE MET
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