GCSE Edexcel RE Believing in God

Lilac Potato
Flashcards by Lilac Potato, updated more than 1 year ago
Lilac Potato
Created by Lilac Potato over 4 years ago
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Flashcards for the Believing in God unit.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Agnosticism Not being sure whether God exists
Atheism Believing that God does not exist
Conversion When your life is changed by giving yourself to God
Free will The idea that human beings are free to make their own choices
Miracle Something that seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it
Moral evil Actions done by humans which cause suffering
Natural evil Things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans
Numinous The feeling of the presence of something greater than you
Omni-benevolent The belief that God is all-good
Omnipotent The belief that God is all-powerful
Omniscient The belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that will happen
Prayer An attempt to contact God, usually through words
What is a religious upbringing? • Babies Baptised - Promise to bring children up to believe in God • Teach to pray - Direct relationship with God • Take to worship - Worshipping as a community shows other people who believe • Church school/Sunday school - Teaching children in a Christian environment
How does religious upbringing lead to belief in God? • Children will believe what parents tell them about God - have authority • Because parents pray, children believe it is normal part of life • Seeing people worship in Church reinforces belief • At school/children’s liturgy - teachers tell children God exists/teach bible stories
Describe religious experiences • Numinous feelings • Conversion • Miracles • Prayer
How do religious experiences lead to belief in God? • Numinous feeling - if you sense a presence greater than yourself you will believe this is God • Conversion - sensing that God wants you to change • Miracles - if no scientific explanation, only possible explanation is God thus he must exit • Prayer - answered prayers will lead to belief in God
What is the design argument? • Lots of evidence of complex things in the world which appear designed • Anything that has been designed needs a designer • The only thing powerful enough to design the Earth is God • Therefore, God must exist
What are criticisms of the design argument? • No designer would have created natural evil • Science can explain appearance of design without God - evolution & natural selection • Argument does not explain how dinosaurs could have been part of a design plan • If argument is true, only proves there is a designer - may not be God
What is the causation argument? • Everything in the world needs a cause - nothing can cause itself • If working backwards, will get to cause of the Universe - the First Cause • Only thing powerful enough to have caused the Universe is God • Therefore God must exist
What are the criticisms of the causation argument? • If everything needs a cause then who caused God? • If matter is eternal, then the process goes on forever • Even if there was a First Cause it would not have to be God • If you can argue that God does not need a cause, you can also argue that the Universe did not need a cause
What is the scientific explanation for the Universe? • About 15 billion years ago, Big Bang happened & formed our solar system • Gases on the Earth’s surface produced primitive life forms • Lead to evolution of new life forms & eventually humans (2.5 million years ago)
How do scientific explanations lead to Atheism? • Science can explain where the world came from without God • People become agnostic because there is no need for God as an explanation • Atheists believe if God did exist, there would be no other explanation for the world • Atheists argue that proof of the dinosaurs shows God does not exist - why would he create & destroy them?
How do Christians respond to science? • Fundamentalists reject scientific explanations - Genesis is the truth that can be supported by their faith • Creationists believe the Earth was created by an omnipotent God in 6 days - can fit with time periods of Earth’s evolution • Creationists also believe that fossils may have been put in the ground by God, or humans, to trick people • Some say Bible can be interpreted - some stories represent greater truth - science tells us how, Bible tells us why • Some agree with explanations for formation but the world is so beautiful - God must have been involved
How does evil & suffering cause people to reject belief in God? • If God were omnipotent he would be able to stop suffering • If God were omniscient he would know all about suffering • If God were omnibenevolent he would want to stop suffering • If God exists, evil & suffering would not
How do Christians explain evil & suffering? • Was planned after Adam & Eve chose to disobey God - separated from God which lead to suffering, sent Jesus to restore • Suffering is a test from God - see whether a person rejects or grows close to God, determines afterlife • We have been given free will - cause of suffering, we can choose evil • Suffering has a purpose - may be part of a greater plan, must trust God • Should follow Jesus’ example - Jesus had to endure suffering, taught need for prayer & kindness
What are the Christian responses to unanswered prayers? • If you pray for something selfish, God will not answer your prayer • God may have different plans for you against your prayer - have to trust God • God hears & answers all prayers - the answer may be ‘no’ or ‘not now’ • God may answer your prayer, but not in the way you expect
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