Cellular Respiration

Jess M.
Flashcards by Jess M., updated more than 1 year ago
Jess M.
Created by Jess M. over 5 years ago
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Flash Cards for Cellular Respiration vocab

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Question Answer
NADH an electron carrier, donates electrons in cellular respiration
NAD+ an electron carrier, accepts electrons in cellular process
FADH2 an electron carrier, donates electrons in cellular processes
FAD+ an electron carrier, accepts electrons in cellular process
Active transport the movement of substances through a membrane against a concentration gradient using membrane-bound carrier proteins and energy from ATP
sodium-potassium pump an active transport mechanism that pumps sodium and potassium ions into and out of the cell
Aerobic Cellular Respiration the set of reactions that takes place in the cell in the presence of oxygen and releases energy stored in glucose
Anaerobic cellular respiration the set of reactions that takes place in the cell in the absence of oxygen and releases energy stored in glucose
Glycolysis a process for harnessing energy in which a glucose molecule is broken into two pyruvate molecules in he cytoplasm of the cell
Mitochondrion an eukaryotic cell organelle in which aerobic cellular respiration occurs
Mitochondrial Matrix the fluid that fills the interior space of the mitochondrion
Intermembrane space the fluid-filled space between the inner and outer mitochondrial membrane
Krebs Cycle a cyclic series of reactions that transfers energy from organic molecules to ATP, NADH, and FAD2 and removes carbon atoms as C02
Alcohol fermentation a form of fermentation occurring in yeast in which NADH passes its hydrogen atoms to acetaldehyde, generating carbon dioxide, ethanol and NAD+
lactic acid fermentation a form of fermentation occurring in animals cells in which NADH transfers its hydrogen atoms to pyruvate, regenerating NAD+ and lactic acid
oxidative ATP synthesis the production of ATP from a series of oxidation reactions
maximum oxygen consumption, VO2 max the maximum volume of oxygen, in millilitres, that the cells of the body can remove from the bloodstream in one minute per kilogram of body mass while the body experiences maximal exertion
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