The scientific method - basic knowledge

Flashcards by , created almost 6 years ago


Created by Lasairfhíona almost 6 years ago
Functions of kidneys
The Lymphatic System
james liew
B3, C3, P3
George Moores
Biology- Genes, Chromosomes and DNA
Laura Perry
Psychology Exam review
GCSE AQA Biology - Unit 3
James Jolliffe
Biology : Basic Terms
Paul Fisher
Leaving Cert Biology 2013
IAL AS Biology Unit 3
Effect of caffeine on Daphnia heart rate
Question Answer
Science is the study of... ... the physical, material and living world
Biology is the study of... ... living things
The scientific method is based on... -making observations -forming a hypothesis -carrying out experiments -recording the results -forming a conclusion -discarding, changing or accepting the hypothesis based on the conclusions
A hypothesis is... ... an educated guess based on observations
An experiment is a test for... ... a hypothesis
Data is... ... the information gathered in experiments
A theory is... ... an explanation based on repeated hypothesis and experimantation
A principle or law arises from a theory when... ... it is seen to be true under all conditions over a long period of time
Experiments are based on... -careful planning and design -safe procedures -establishing a control differing in only one variable to the actual experiment -fair procedures
A replicate is when... ... an experiment is repeated
The value of the scientific method is limited in issues such as... -lack of basic knowledge -design of the experiment -difficulty in interpreting results -changes in nature -accidental discoveries
Ethics refers to... ... whether conduct is right or wrong