Geography

Lily Buffier
Flashcards by Lily Buffier, updated more than 1 year ago
Lily Buffier
Created by Lily Buffier over 5 years ago
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Key Skills Geography Flashcards on Geography, created by Lily Buffier on 02/24/2016.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Latitude The angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of the equator of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Longitude The angular distance of a place east or west of the Greenwich meridian, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Atmosphere The envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet.
Biosphere The regions of the surface and atmosphere of the earth or another planet occupied by living organisms.
Lithosphere The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle.
Hydrosphere All the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas, and sometimes including water over the earth's surface, such as clouds.
Air Is a mixture of gases, mainly nitrogen, oxygen and water vapor. Most air is mixed in the atmosphere.
Soil Consists of fine rock particles and organic material on the earth's surface. It is the part of the earth surface in which plants grow. Soils form a part of the Lithosphere.
Solar Energy is energy in the form of heat and light from the sun. solar energy makes all life possible.
Flora Are plants of a particular area, while Fauna are the animals of a particular area. Fauna and Flora are parts of the biosphere.
Water a common substance that is essential to all known forms of life. Water exists in three forms: a solid (as ice); a liquid (as water); and a gas (as water vapor). Water is probably humankind's single most important resource. All life depends on water: animals need it for drinking and it is essential for plants to grow. Most water is in the hydrosphere.
Geography Geography is the branch of knowledge that studies the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of the Earth.
Physical Geography Physical geography is the study of the Earth's natural features. It is about the land, sea and the environment around us. Landforms are natural features formed by rivers, sea, ice and volcanoes. Etc. Reefs, trees, rainforest, rocks and beach.
Human Geography The human features of the Earth consist of any parts of an environment that have been built or altered by people. Many features of the human environment can be mapped. For example, a political map of the world shows 195 countries. The world's population was approximately 6.7 billion in 2008. Every second, five people are born and two people die. At this rate the world's population is doubling every 40 years.
Photographs Photographs are one of the geographer's most valuable tools. They are a record of how a place looks at any one time and often contain information that is not on a map. Photographs from different time periods can also show how a place has changed over time. The most commonly used photographs that geographers work with are those viewed from a: •ground view •oblique aerial view •vertical aerial view •satellite view.
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