Blood Transfusion Reactions

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Flashcards by gina_evans0312, updated more than 1 year ago
gina_evans0312
Created by gina_evans0312 over 7 years ago
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Haematology and Anatomy (Blood Transfusions) Flashcards on Blood Transfusion Reactions, created by gina_evans0312 on 01/09/2014.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Immunological Involving antibodies and antigens
Naturally Occuring Ig's ABO- found without exposure
Immune Ig's Evoked by exposure i.e. incorrect transfusion/pregnancy
HTR Haemolytic Transfusion Reaction- where cells are rapdily lysed in host
Acute HTR's Happen within 24 hours of exposure
Cause of Acute HTR's ABO incompatability
Effects of Acute HTR Fever, chest pain, kidney failure
Delayed HTR Occur after 5-10 days
Cause of Delayed HTR's Secondary immune response due to re-exposure to a given RBC ag
Effects of Delayed HTR Fever, Hb fall, jaundice
Febrile Non-Immunological Reactions Where incompatible WBC's are destroyed by the immune system
Effects of Febrile Non-Immunological Reactions Temp rise, chills, rigors
Non-Immunological Not involving Ig's/Ag's
TACO Transfusion Associated Circulatory Overload
Transfusion Transmitted Infections I.e. HIV
Signs of Bacterial Contamination Shock, fever, chills, rigors, hypertension, collapse
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