Diet

tomholman11
Flashcards by tomholman11, updated more than 1 year ago
tomholman11
Created by tomholman11 over 4 years ago
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Textbook pages 50-54
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Question Answer
Simple Carbohydrates They include glucose and sugar for fats release energy.
Complex Carbohydrates They starches, and could be pasta, bread and rice. They provide slow release energy.
Fats A major source of energy for the body. They are commonly found in cheese, cream, meat, cooking oils, margarine and butter.
Proteins They are important for growth of new tissue and muscles, and also repair. The two main sources of protein are animal products and plant foods.
Vitamins Only needed in small quantities, and usually found in a normal diet.
Minerals Only needed in small quantities, and mainly found in fruit and vegetables.
Water Essential as it replaces lost water. If the lost water is not replace, dehydration happens.
Fibre Helps the digestive system to run smoothly. Can be found in cereals, wholegrain bread and oats.
Malnutrition A physical weakness resulting from insufficient food or an unbalanced diet.
Obesity Being extremely overweight, frequently resulting in health problems.
Anorexia An eating disorder primarily in girls and women, relating to a fear of gaining weight, self starvation and a distorted body image.
Balancing Energy Intake and Output The number of calories needs to balance because if you have a higher intake than output you tend to put on more weight. If you are very active, then you have to ensure you have an adequate energy intake.
Eating around physical activity Do not eat closer than 2 hours before performing, or 2 hours after performing. Only eat light foods such as bananas during activity.
Carbohydrate Loading Endurance athletes eat lots of carbs rich in starch. This is because starch increases glycogen levels in the muscles. This delays tiredness and improves performance at the end because it is a slow release energy.
High Protein Diets Used by bodybuilders to gain muscle and lose fat. High protein foods are difficult to digest so should not be taken just before activity.
Glycogen The form of carbohydrate storage, which is converted into glucose when the body must satisfy its energy needs.
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