World Religions

joannawandel
Flashcards by joannawandel, updated more than 1 year ago
joannawandel
Created by joannawandel about 7 years ago
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World Religions

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Question Answer
Hinduism - Parent or Derivative? Parent Religion (no founder)
Hinduism - Date Founded Founded in 2500 BCE
Hinduism - Originated In Originated in India
Hinduism - Sacred Symbols (2) 1. Om 2. Lotus
Hinduism - Sacred Places (2) 1. Benares/Varanasi:The most important sacred city where Hindus go to bathe and is also an appropriate place to die. 2. Ganges River: "the River of Heaven" represents the eternal river of life. Bathing in it provides great blessing.
Hinduism - Place of Worship Temple
Hinduism - Sacred Books (3) 1. Vedas: knowledge 2. Upanishads: to sit down before 3. Bhagavad Gita: beloved text
Hinduism - Sacred Times/Festivals (2) 1.Divali: "Cluster of Lights" celebrated in October/November symbolizing prosperity. A time for cleaning and refurbishing, and general renewal of life. 2.Holi: Celebrated in the beginning of spring when people gather wood for the Holi fire.
Hinduism - Aceticism Extreme self-denial
Hinduism - Samsara The endless cycle of birth, death, rebirth. This cycle is unending, the unending life in the world.
Hinduism - Karma Governs the cycle of samsara. Every action has its effects
Hinduism - Moksha Liberation, to break the cycle of birth, death, rebirth. Can be done by understanding reality.
Hinduism - Hindu Trimurti 1. Brahma: the Creator 2. Vishnu: the Preserver 3. Shiva: the Destroyer
Hinduism - The Caste System (5) 1. Brahmins: priests, academics 2. Kshatriyas: kings, warriors 3. Vaishyas: buisness community, farmers 4. Shudras: servants 5.Dalit: Untouchables "children of god" (not even considered part of the caste system)
Buddhism - Parent or Derivative? Derivative Religion - Founder was Siddhartha Gautama
Buddhism - Date Founded 563 BCE
Buddhism - Originated In Originated in India, but now concentrated in Thailand, Indo-China
Buddhism - Beliefs No belief in God, instead a philosophy & psychology on how to live life.
Buddhism - Sacred Symbols (2) 1. Wheel of Life 2. Buddha Statue
Buddhism - Sacred Places (2) 1. Benares/Varanasi 2. Shakya, Nepal
Buddhism - Place of Worship Temple
Buddhism - Sacred Books (2) 1. Tripitaka: "Three Baskets", the collection of materials that record the sayings of Buddha himself. These scriptures are accepted by Theravada Buddhists. 2. Dhammapada: "The Way of the Teaching" well-known Buddhist scripture which is a collection of the Buddha's teachings.
Buddhism - Siddhartha's 4 Sights (4) 1. Old Age 2. Sickness 3. Death 4. Wandering Ascetic
Buddhism - Boddhisattva A buddha-figure who has achieved enlightenment but refuses to enter nirvana until all others have achieved it as well
Buddhism - The Sangha A society or order of ordained men and women who seek enlightenment by following the Dharma, the truth of the Buddha.
Buddhism - The Formula To Join The Sangha (3) 1. I take refuge in the Buddha: find enlightenment 2. I take refuge in the Dharma: follow Buddha/Eightfold Path 3. I Take refuge in the Sangha: live by the rules of the Dharma
Buddhism - Nirvana The state of mind achieved by those who have reached enlightenment
Buddhism - Stupa Solid, dome-like structure
Buddhism - The Four Noble Truths (4) 1. All life is suffering and pain 2. The course of this suffering is desire or craving 3. Suffering and desire can be extinguished by enlightenment 4. To reach enlightenment you must follow the Noble Eightfold Path
Buddhism - The Noble Eightfold Path (8) 1.Right view or underestanding 2. Right thought or resolve 3. Right speech 4. Right action 5. Right livlihood 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness or awareness 8. Right concentration
Buddhism - 3 Types of Buddhism (3) 1. Theravada Buddhism 2. Mahayana Buddhism 3. Tibetan Buddhism
Sikhism - Parent or Derivative? Derivative Religion - Founder was Guru Nanak
Sikhism - Date Founded 1469 BCE
Sikhism - Originated In Originated in India, in the region of Punjab
Sikhism - Beliefs Focuses on pursuit of Salvation (union with God). Salvation is attained by disciplined personal meditation
Sikhism - Sacred Symbols (2) 1. Khanda 2. The 5 K's
Sikhism - The 5 K's 1. Kirpan 2. Kara 3. Kachna 4. Kesha 5. Kangha
Sikhism - Sacred Places (2) 1. Gurdwara 2. Langar: Soup Kitchen
Sikhism - Sacred Books (2) 1. Last Human Guru: Guru Govind Singh 2. Guru Grant Sahib
Sikhism - 2 Religions That Make Up Sikhism 1. Hinduism 2. Islam
Native Spirituality - Sacred Pipe The carved wooden pipe bowl and stem used by Algonquin First Nations. It was sometimes referred to as the peace pipe
Native Spirituality - Sweat Lodge Ceremony to purify the body, mind, spirit, and heart, and to restore right relationships with self, others, the Creator, and all of creation
Native Spirituality - Shaman Spiritual leader, heals the sick, casts out evil spirits, sees the future, controls the weather
Native Spirituality - Peace Pipe Used in spiritual rituals, smoked between leaders to show that they are at peace
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