Religion's Around The World Exam

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Flashcards by micaela.cacilhas, updated more than 1 year ago
micaela.cacilhas
Created by micaela.cacilhas over 5 years ago
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These are study notes on 4 main world Religions. (Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam.)
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Question Answer
Torah (Judaism) The law of God revealed to Moses and contains the first 5 books of the Hebrew Scriptures.
Zionism (Judaism) A movement to promote the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
Bar Mitzvah (Judaism) a 13 year old boy who is ready to obey the commandments
Mount Sinai (Judaism) Where Moses went up to get the Ten Commandments and spent 40 days. (The most important sacred place in the Abrahamic religion.)
Yahweh (Judaism) A name of God
Western Wall (Judaism) The remaining part of the wall of Herod's temple in Jerusalem. (Jews traditionally pray and lament on Fridays.)
Prophet (Judaism) A person who receives a message from God and delivers that message to God's people.
Holocaust (Judaism) A mass slaughter of Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
Jerusalem (Judaism) The capital city of Israel.
Orthodox Judaism Strict, traditional Judaism
Shabbat (Judaism) (Sabbath) the seventh day of the week, Saturday, is the day of rest and worship by Jews.
Anti-Semitism (Judaism) Hostility toward Jews and Judaism.
Yom Kippur (Judaism) "Day of Atonement" (the Holiest Day)
Covenant (Judaism) The agreement between God and the ancient Israelites, first through Abraham and later through Moses.
Rabbi (Judaism) A teacher of the Torah and leader of Jewish worship.
Star of David (Judaism) A Judaism symbol.
Menorah (Judaism) A candelabrum that has nine branches for the use on the Jewish festival of Hanukkah.
What is the Jewish teaching of Jesus? They believed that Jesus was just a normal guy and not a prophet.
Why were the Jews persecuted? They were the ones who wanted to kill Jesus at the time of the crucifixion.
What is the Ark of The Covenant? The chest that carried the Ten Commandments.
What are the reasons of the plagues in the land of Egypt during Jewish Slavery? Pharaoh refused to let the slaves of Egypt go. Mocking the fake Egyptian Gods.
What is the amount of Jewish people freed from slavery in Egypt? 2 million.
What is the amount of people that entered Egypt? 70 people.
What is the name God gave Moses at the burning bush? I Am.
What did the Rabbi's do? They replaced the priests in 70 A.D.
What is the goal of Zionism? Get back the Jewish homeland.
What did King David do? He made Jerusalem the capital city of Israel.
What is the name of the back room in the temple that had the Ark of the Covenant? The Holy of Holies.
Grace (Christianity) the goodness and kindness of someone.
Baptism (Christianity) Christians believe that their souls are cleansed and it begins their Christian lives.
Martyr (Christianity) Someone who dies for their faith.
Apologetics (Christianity) The science that explains Catholic doctrine.
Heresy (Christianity) The rejection of dogma of faith.
Magisterium (Christianity) The church's teaching authority in bishops as successors of the apostles under the Roman pontiff as successor.
Incarnation (Christianity) The divine nature of the son of God with human nature in the person of Jesus Christ.
Sola Scriptura (Christianity) One of the Protestant beliefs that you can interpret the bible alone.
Evangelization (Christianity) To preach the gospel to people.
Revelation (Christianity) The act of revealing or disclosing.
What are some similarities between Catholics and Protestants? -Jesus Christ is our Lord and Saviour. -Belief in a personal relationsip with Jesus. -Belief in the Holy Trinity. -Baptism. -The Bible. -Original sin. -Belief in heaven and hell.
What are some differences between Catholics and Protestants? -Marian beliefs. -Confirmation. -Purgatory. -Kneeling, bowing. -Sacraments.
What Christian Church produced the Bible? The Catholics.
How are we made in the likeness of God? He gave us mind/intellect to be able to communicate and understand one another. Spirit/soul gave us a good spirit. Free will gave us a free mind. A free will to choose to do his will and to reject evil.
Mecca (Islam) The holiest city in the Islamic faith. (The birth place of Muhammad.)
Mosque (Islam) A Muslim place of worship.
Monotheism The belief of only one God.
Minaret (Islam) A tall slender tower to a mosque having one or more balconies from which the summons to prayer is cried by the muezzin.
Crescent moon and star (Islam) Symbol for Islam.
Pillars of Faith The five bases of the Islamic faith: Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, and Hajj.
Kaaba (Islam) A cube-shaped building in Mecca. (Muslims turn in its direction when praying.)
Ramadan (Islam) The ninth month of the Muslim calender.
Qur'an (Islam) The sacred text of Islam. (Divided into 114 chapters.)
Muezzin (Islam) The crier who summons all Muslims to prayer.
Polygamy The practice to having more tan one spouse at a time.
Hadj (Islam) A Muslim who has gone on a pilgrimage to Mecca.
Allah (Islam) The supreme being; God.
Shahada (Islam) The Islamic profession of faith, "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet."
Shari'ah (Islam) Law from the Koran.
Hijab (Islam) A traditional scarf worn by Muslim women to cover their hair, neck and sometimes face.
Medina (Islam) The second holiest city in Islam.
Hijra (Islam) The flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution.
What is the birthday of the Islamic faith? 622 A.D.
What is the trinity described as in the Qur'an? That God, Mary, and Jesus are in the trinity.
Why is the Hijab worn? For some it is just a cultural thing but for others it is a religious requirement.
How many wives could a Muslim man have? Up to 4 wives.
What is the requirement for Muslims to enter heaven? They believe that you need to do good deeds. Good deeds need to outweigh bad deeds.
What do Muslims believe about the Bible? They believe that someone rewrote the Bible and put Jesus' name in the place of Muhammad's whose name was there originally.
Do Muslims have any sacraments? No.
What are Muslims views on God and heaven? That God is the master and the people are his servants and we must serve God. They believe that there are seven layers in heaven and that when you go to heaven you are given virgins and live in paradise.
What does Islam teach? That God required Abraham to sacrifice his son Ishmael.
What are the three holiest cities in Islam in order? Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem.
What are the two Palestinian territories? West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Karma (Hinduism) An action seeing that it will decide their fate in future existences.
Om (Hinduism) A sacred sound and a spiritual icon.
Brahman (Hinduism) It is an entity with form. It is the soul of the universe.
Ahimsa (Hinduism) Non-violence towards all living things.
Ganges River (Hinduism) Heals all sins.
Sacred Cow (Hinduism) Symbol of reverence towards all living things.
Moksha (Hinduism) Release of the soul from the human body which becomes one with Brahman.
Varanasi (Hinduism) A city on the Ganges River. (Holiest city.)
Samsara (Hinduism) The process of coming into existence as a differentiated, mortal creature.
Caste System (Hinduism) The rigid Hindu system of hereditary social distinctions based on castes.
Yoga (Hinduism) Way they believe to get good karma.
Vedas (Hinduism) The entire body of Hindu sacred writings.
What does the Trimurti god Brahma do? The creator.
What does the Trimurti god Shiva do? Destroyer.
What does the Trimurti god Vishnu do? Preserver of life.
What country is predominantly Hindu? India.
Why is the Ganges River important? It heals all sin.
Which Hindu god is the most popular? Ganesha which is the elephant headed God.
What are the three key Hindu beliefs? Karma, Samsara, and caste.
What does the Hindu diet consist of? They are vegetarian.
Why do Hindus greet the sun every time they pray? They believe the sun brings on good karma.
What is the difference between Karma and Grace? Karma is what the expect to come but grace is something that God gives you when you have done good deeds.
Capernaum (Christianity) An ancient site in Israel.
Holy Cross (Christianity) A symbol for Catholics.
Church Infallibility (Christianity) The dogma of the Catholic church.
Beatitudes (Christianity) The blessings listed by Jesus.
What are tasks for Catholics? To know, love, and serve God.
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