Sociology of Family

Flashcards by csaunder, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by csaunder about 7 years ago


Soc 271, info up to first mid-term

Resource summary

Question Answer
Strengths derived from marriages and families 1. reproduction/nurturant care of children. 2. establishment of an individual's social identity, thru social role and status 3. source of intimacy and need fulfillment throughout a life span
5 common myths about marriage and family 1. myths about the past 2. myths about what is natural 3. myths about the self-sufficient family 4. the myth of the family as a haven 5. myth of the perfect family
nuturant care the provision of the essential emotional and social needs of human beings
social identity the name given at birth that distinguishes us from others and attaches us to a family of orientation
family of procreation the family formed later thru marriage and child-rearing
social roles acquired thru family of orientation (son, daughter) and family of procreation (partner, mother/father)
social status the social esteem assigned to the status occupied by an individual
ascribed status status of the family of orientation
achieved status things that we have some control over (career, education)
legal definition of marriage the minimal composition and boundaries of the family group. commonly used for tax purposes and gov't assessment
definition of family at least one parent/guardian and one child who share common residence
definition of marriage two people who established an approved relationship and maintain a common residence
functional definition of family one or more/parents and one or more children with the function of nurturant-socialization
functional definition of marriage normatively defined relationship between two people with the major function of intimacy and need fulfillment
Inclusive definition of family focuses on the meaning of the relationship between members of the family group
Normative definition of family a kinship group normatively defined to carry out nurturant socialization of dependent children
normative definition of marriage normatively defined relationship between at least 2 people, established with intentions of performance and the primarily sexually based bond in which the reproduction of children is expected to occur
conceptual approach a set of fundamental assumptions about society that guides sociological thinking and research
structural functional society is made up of interdependent parts, each fulfilling a necessary function
functional needs the family meets reproduction, socialization and motivation
functional alternative other forms that may fulfill functions similar to that of a traditional family
conflict approach conflict is inevitable as self-interest is common to all social groups. power is the center and a source of conflict. values, ideas and practices reinforce the inequality in society
symbolic interaction humans use symbols to denote the world around them and are capable of self-reflection and evaluation
social exchange theory rational choice. actors, groups and institutions make rational choices to maximize rewards and minimize costs
family development approach stages of family life cycle based on development of need and tasks. task originate from: 1. physical maturation of children 2. cultural pressures/priviledges
8 stages of family life cycle 1. married couples without children 2. childbearing families (oldest child 0-30 months) 3. families with preschool children (2.5-6 yrs) 4. families with school age children (6-13 yrs) 5. families with teenagers (13-20 yrs) 6. families as launching centers (1st child gone. last leaving) 7. middle age parents (empty nest to retirement) 8. aging family members (retirement to death of both spouses)
4 types of data collection 1. content analysis 2. field research 3. experimental research 4. survey research
probability of sampling equal chance of being chosen to be included in the sample
non-probability sampling the population is unknown
definition of dating interaction of couples that enable to explore varying level of intimacy and commitment
definition of courtship interaction that enable couples to explore deeper levels of intimacy and commitment with a view to long term commitment
functions of dating manifest: 1. recreation 2. mate selection latent: 1. socialization 2. social status 3. fulfilling ego needs 4. opportunities for sexual experimentation and intimacy
permanent availability social exchange theory. marriage market is open and playing the field is desireable
exogamy partner must be outside of prohibited groups
endogamy within acceptable social or cultural groups
heterogamy selecting mate different background/characteristics
homogamy mate with similar cultural, economic or demographic characteristics
sex ratio impacts the marriage market in terms of overall availability of dating partners
filter theory most will narrow the pool of prospective partners by selecting people we interact with regularly and have certain desirable traits
network interference attempts of family or friends to influence dating choices
gender differences in perception and expectations of dating women less favorable of casual sex egalitarian values have affected roles of men and women in the dating relationship
psychological abuse insults, threats, public intimidation
physical abuse pushing, grabbing, slapping, choking, assault with a weapon or object
sexual abuse undue pressure to engage in sexual acts
date rape unwanted, forced intercourse in the context of dating
3 types of date rape 1. early 2. beginning 3. relational
preoccupation singular concentration on love object
reciprocation long for love to be returned
exclusivity this is the only one
fantasization fantasize how love will be declared
searching cues that signify the desire to each other
idealization only the good can be found
companionable love love that includes physical and emotional attachments, alongside a realistic assessment of the partner and relationship
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