Democracy in Scotland & UK

Flashcards by shona.doyle10, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by shona.doyle10 over 7 years ago


Modern Studies (Democracy in Scotland and the UK) Flashcards on Democracy in Scotland & UK, created by shona.doyle10 on 02/16/2014.

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Question Answer
What are 4 of the rights enforceable in UK courts from the European Convention on Human Rights by the UK Human Rights Act (HRA)? 1. Right to Life 2. Right to a fair trial 3. Right to education 4. Freedom of expression
What are 3 responsibilities? 1. The responsibility to smoke outside 2. The responsibility to pay taxes 3. The responsibility not to disrupt school lessons and stop others from their education
What are the 3 stages to UK democracy and decision-making? 1. MPs working in the House of Commons 2. Peers in the House of Lords 3. The monarchy (mostly symbolic)
What are some of the jobs of the 650 MPs elected in the House of Commons? 1. Some are ministers in the Government (minister of defense etc) 2. Debate political issues and proposals for new laws 3. Scrutinize the government on behalf of citizens. (PMQs every Wednesday) 4. Sit on committees
What are some of the jobs of the 760 peers in the House of Lords? 1. Makes laws 2. Scrutinizes the work of the House of Commons 3. Investigates policy issues 4. Debate and revise major legislation
What are the 4 principles which guide the work of the Scottish Parliament? 1. Sharing power 2. Accountability 3. Access and Participation 4. Equal Opportunities
Give 5 devolved powers of the Scottish Parliament. 1. Health 2. Education 3. Tourism 4. Courts & Legal system 5. Local Government
Give 4 reserved powers of the UK Parliament. 1. Defence 2. Equal Opportunities 3. UK Foreign Policy 4. Employment Law
What are some of the jobs of the Monarchy within the UK democracy? 1. Giving bills the Royal Assent to make them law. 2. Opening new sessions of parliament. 3. reading 'the Queen's speech'
What do committees in the Scottish Parliament do? They are made up of 5-15 members who discuss legislation and can request to have anyone present to give evidence. Most meet weekly/fortnightly in the morning and are often open to the public.
How can MSPs represent their constituents? 1. Writing to or meeting with a relevant Cabinet Secretary or Minister 2. Speaking during debates 3. Asking questions during FMQs
What voting system is used to elect MSPs? AMS is used. It tries to elect a more proportional set of MSPs. You have to vote for your constituency MSP and your regional MSP. Its aim is to elect a more diverse range of MSPs.
What are 3 advantages of AMS? 1. Makes the Parliament more proportional − the MSPs elected more accurately reflect the views of the Scottish people 2. Maintains the link between constituent and constituency MSP 3. May, in theory, reduce confrontation in politics − consensus politics
What are 3 disadvantages of AMS? 1.Could create confusion among voters as to who they should go to - constituency or regional list MSP 2.Unrepresentative political party activists decide who gets on the lists 3.May not produce a clear winner, leading to coalition or minority government
What system is used to elect local councils? STV is used to elect local councils by numbering candidates 1,2,3,4... Computer software is used to work out who gets elected.
What are 3 advantages of STV? 1. Voters can vote for more than one candidate 2. Overall result tends to be more proportional 3. No safe seats, every vote counts
What are 3 disadvantages of STV? 1. Voters could be confuse as to who to speak to as they have more than one representative 2. Voters could be confused as to tho is in charge 3. Voters could be confused who to vote for
What are the roles of the 32 local councils in Scotland? 1. Providing services (education, housing, parks) and 1/3 Scots work for local councils and 95% of children go to state schools 2. Regulation (licenses to clubs/pubs) 3. Local democracy (councillors have to decide how to spend the budget)
Whether pressure groups have good or bad relationships with the government they all try to achieve their aim, in what ways can they protest? 1. write letters 2. Hold meetings with MPs 3. Hold petitions 4. Hold marches/demonstrations
How can pressure groups be successful? 1. good leadership 2. support of the government 3. ability to raise funds 4. ability to recruit people and gain support
Give examples of pressure groups. 1. Tripping up Trump 2. RAC 3. Greenpeace 4. Spokes 5. Fathers for Justice
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