Rebranding Places

jamesofili
Flashcards by jamesofili, updated more than 1 year ago
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1 Geography Flashcards on Rebranding Places, created by jamesofili on 03/07/2014.
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Question Answer
Cumulative Causation Effect The idea that as a new business/industry opens in an area, its arrival will further attract more businesses to locate, creating an upward spiral.
Sustainability Meeting the needs of today whilst considering the needs of future generations.
Drosscape Urban areas which are left derelict due to the loss of economic and industrial activity e.g. contaminated industrial sites, rubbish dumps, tarmac expanses, polluted river banks.
Players People/organisations who are involved in the rebranding process
Urban fabric The character of an area and the quality of the public realm.
Deprevation When people have a lack of access to basic necessities e.g. food, heating.
Flagship projects Developments which form the centrepiece of a regeneration project and are designed to act as a catalyst for growth.
Post Production Countryside A development framework which looks at how the countryside should be used if farming declines even more.
Diversification To broaden the range of economic activity so an area is not overdependent on one activity.
Urban decay When an area falls into disrepair and dereliction.
Re-imaging Involves marketing to sell an area, giving regeneration projects the impetus to attract people.
Backwash effects When richer regions drain labour (brain-drain) and stunt industrial development of poor regions because products from richer regions are of higher quality and sometimes cheaper.
Gentrification The restoration of run-down areas by the arrival of better-off people, resulting in the displacement of low-income residents.
Top-down approach When planners implement schemes with limited cosultation with the public.
Bottom-up approach When planners involve local communities in the regeneration process.
Multiplier effect When initial investment in an area creates jobs, resulting in more spending in the local economy creating more jobs.
Brownfield sites Previously used industrial and commercial land
Core and periphery theory A development model where there is a affluent core region and deprived periphery.
Destination tourism When people visit a place simply because of a single attraction.
Diversification To spread industrial commitment over a large range of activities so as to avoid overdependence on one activity.
Economic leakage When money earned in one area 'leaks' or is spent in another area.
Greenfield sites Sites which have never been developed or used for an urban use.
Footloose industry Industry that can be sited in a number of places, often because transport costs are unimportant.
Inward migration The migration of people into an area.
Players People or organisations involved in a project.
Market-led regeneration The encourage of private investment through planning, transport and land policies as well as substantial public investment e.g. enterprise zones.
Negative multiplier A downward spiral, where economic conditions prevent growth.
Remittance payments Money that is sent home to families by people working in a foreign country or in a city in their own country.
Subsidies Money that is paid by government to reduce costs so that prices can be kept low.
Transport hub Where several transport links converge in one location.
Sustainable development Developments which meet current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
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