Medical Terminology Chapter 9- Blood, Lymph, Immune

angeline martin
Flashcards by angeline martin, updated more than 1 year ago
angeline martin
Created by angeline martin over 7 years ago
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Medical Terminology - Blood, Lymph ND Immune

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Question Answer
Antibody Special proteins produced by B lymphocytes to attack and attach to foreign antigen shaped like a "Y" (Y protector)
Antigen protein- identify "self" or "non self" - 1. "self"- outside our body and not harmful "non-self" foreign antigens enter the body and attached to cells- -invaders start the immune process l
Bile Pigment Yellow/ green/ brown color
cytokine cell movement
immunocompetent Ability to recognize and develop an immune response-correctly respond
Natural Killer Cells NKC Specialized lymphocytes that kill abnormal cells by releasing chemicals that destroy the cell membrane, causing its intercellular fluids to leak out
Pathogen agent that causes disease especially a living organism
Host organism that is infected with or is fed upon a parasitic or pathogen organism
Opportunistic infection infections caused by an organism that normally would not affect a healthy adult
Immunity state of being protected Active- produced by one's own immune system Passive - antibodies formed in one individual and transferred to another
Granulocytes (has staining granules in their cytoplasm and nucleus) Neurophils - phagocytosis (first responders) Eosinophils - Allergy and animal parasites(worm and eggs guys) Basophils - inflammation mediators, anticoagulant properties "injury boys)
Agranulocytes (no staining, nucleus does not form lobes) Monocytes (macrophages) Lymphocytes: *B Cells - humoral immunity (Bob Boop) *T Cells - cellular immunity (Tom Terrific) Natural Killer Cells - Destruction without specificity (Ted Bundy)
Humoral Immunity System (cell type, origin and maturation) B- Lymphocytes *Plasma cells *Memory cells Origin- Bone Marrow Maturation - Bone Marrow
Cellular Immunity (cell type, origin and maturation) T Cells: Cytoxic, Helper, Suppressor, Memory Origin- Bone Marrow Maturation- Thymus immune system
T- Cell Cytoxic T Cells- Help T- Cells - suppressor T Cells- memor Cytoxic -Destruction cancer cells Helper- Assist B cells Suppressor - Off switch memory - remember invaders
Aden/o gland
agglutin/o clumping and gluing
Bas/o Base- Definition 1 = alkaline (opposite of acid) Definition 2 = foundation Definition 3 - type of dye to stain blood cells
Blast/o embryonic cell
Chrom/o color
Eosin/o (white blood Cell) dawn, rose colored cell
Erythr/o red
Granul/o Granule- example stained celled- looks like grains of sand
Hem/o Hemat/o Blood
immun/o immunity
Kary/o Nucle/o Nucleus
Leuk/o White
lymphaden/o lymph gland or lymph node
Lymph/o Lymph fluid
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
morph/o form, shape or structure
Myel/o (origin and location) Origen of bone marrow- inside the bones
Neutr/o Neutral neither
phag/o swallowing, eating
plas/o plasm formation or growth
reticul/o net, mesh - like a spider web
ser/o serum
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue or skeletal muscles
dem/o people or population
humor/o bodily fluids
crit to separate
splen/o Spleen- part of the immune blood system located in the LUQ
Thromb/o Blood clot (stationary)
Thym/o Thymus Gland- produces thymosin
-blast embryonic cell
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-graft transplantation
-osis abnormal condition increase (usually related to blood cells)
-phil attraction for
-phoresis carrying transmission
-phylaxis protection
-poiesis formation or production
-stasis standing still
a without, not
aniso unequal, dissimilar
iso- same, equal
macro large
micro small
mono one
poly many, much
asites accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal - pleural cavity
bacteremia presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood stream
sepsis serious life threatening blood stream infection that may arise from other infections throughout the body
Hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin that defuses in surrounding fluid
disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) Widespread- Abnormal activation of proteins involved in blood coagulation, causing small blood clots to form in vessels and cutting off the supply of oxygen to distal tissues
graft rejection false or foreign antigens- body rejects transplanted organ or tissue
graft versus host graft attacks host- transplant produces antibodies against recipient's organs that can be severe enough to cause death
hematoma collection of blood outside the blood vessel
hemoglobinopathy disease of blood protein
lymphadenopathy disease of lymph gland or node
lymphedema swelling of lymph
Multiple Myeloma Malignant tumor of the plasma cells
Systemic lupus erythematosis SLE Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin brain, kidneys and joints causes chronic inflammation; also called discoid lupus
Thrombocythemia Blood condition of blood clotting cell- over production of platelets leading to thrombosis or bleeding disorders
Thrombocytopenia decrease deficiency of platelets or thrombocytes
Von Willebrand disease Bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of Von Willebrand factor. a "sticky" protein that lines the blood vessels
Lymphangioectomy Removal of lymph vessel
Lymphadenography Radiologic examination of lymph nodes after injection of contrast medium
immunotheray treatment to restore the body's own immune system
Immunotherapy (allergy injections) Injection with increasing strength of the offending antigen
Immunotherapy (biological) Use of immune system stimulators to enhance the immune response
Bone marrow aspiration Removal of small sample of bone marrow
Bone marrow transplant Infusion of healthy bone marrow stem cells after the diseased bone marrow destroyed.
Bone Marrow Transplant Autologous Infusion of the patient's own bone marrow or stem cells after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
Bone Marrow Transplant Homologous Infusion of bone marrow or stem cells from a compatible donor after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
Serology lab test to detect presence of antibodies, antigen or immune substance does not measure how much each is present
Titer blood test that measures the amount of antibodies in blood determines immune status
Lymphadenectomy Removal of lymph node
Sentinel node excision Removal of the firs node (sentinel node) that receives drainage from cancer containing areas and the one most likely to contain malignant cells
Transfusion Infusion of blood or blood products from one person (donor) to another
Antinuclear antibody (ANA) test to identify antibodies that attach the nucleus of the individual's own body cells (auto antibodies)
Complete blood count CBC count of all types of blood
Aspiration drawing in and out
Monospot serological test for presence of heterophile antibody which develops several days after the Epstein-Barr virus
Partial Thromboplastin PTT Test that measures the length of tie it takes blood to clot to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors
Shilling test test used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs vitamin B12 through the digestive tract
Bone Marrow MRI Highly sensitive imaging procedure that detects lesions and changes in bone tissue and bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma
Lymphoangiography vidualization of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes using a contrast medium to determine blockage or other pathologies of the lymph system
lymphoscintigraphy radioactive tracers through into the lymph channels and locate the sentinel node (first lymph to drain)
anticoagulants prevent blood clot formation by inhibiting the synthesis of inactivating one or more clotting factors
antimicrobials Destroy bacteria fungi and protozoa by interfering with the functions of their cell membrane or their reproductive cycle
Antivirals Prevent regulation of viruses within host cells
Thrombolytics dissolve blood clots by destroying their fibrin strands
Blood Culture test to find if an infection is present in blood
differential count counts the differential types of WBC's and reports results as a percentage of the total number of WBC's present in the blood
hemoglobin test measures the amount of hemoglobin in blood
Hemocrit measures the percent of RBC's volume in a tube
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Measurement of the distance RBC's settle to the bottom of a test tube under standardized conditions (usually 1 hour)- also called sed rate
AB, Ab, ab antibody, abortion
A, B, AB, O Blood types in ABO blood group
AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ANA antinuclear antibody
CBC Complete Blood Count
diff differential count (WBC)
DVT deep vein thrombosis; deep venous thrombosis
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
HCT or HcT Hematocrit
Igs immunoglobulins
PT prothrombin time, physical therapy
PTT partial thromboplastin time
RBC, rbc Red blood count
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
Whole Blood composition of whole blood in the entire body (RBC's and WBC's)
Blood Plasma components Blood is a connective tissue comprised of -- 1. Plasma= 90% H2O-- 2. Proteins- albumin (helps to hold water)-- 3. gases, nutrients, waste products, hormones
Blood - formed elements components -solid components; all formed in bone marrow -- 1. RBC's= erythrocytes --2.WBC's= leukocytes -- 3. Cell fragments(platelets) = thrombocytes
Hematopoesis or Hemopoesis development and maturation of all blood cells- from an undifferentiated cell (stem cell)
Blood- Functions of formed elements RBC's 1 carry O2 from lungs and pics up CO2 from body to bring back to lungs
Blood - White blood cells Function Defense- 1. tissue repair 2. phagocytosis 3. aid in healing process 4. move blood through caps to enter spaced between cell (diapedesis) to go to injury or infection sites
diapedesis movement of leukocytes out of the circulatory system towards the site of tissue damage or infection
B cells responsible for humoral immunity (body fluids) also called and indirect attacker
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