John Essay

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Flashcards by freyaguthier07, updated more than 1 year ago
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A Levels RE Flashcards on John Essay, created by freyaguthier07 on 10/03/2014.

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Question Answer
C. Rowland quote: 'John is a gospel that presumes others. It was written to 3 different audiences, each of whom needed different convincing + teaching about who Jesus it.'
Secondary sources: Burridge, Brown, E. F. Scott, Goulding
Arguing that the purpose of the gospel is: Mainly Christological, then more minor purposes
John says why it's written: (20:31) 'These things have been written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.'
2 readings to believe: 1) Aorist subjunctive: You come to believe, Evangelical 2) Present subjunctive: People continue to believe
C. Tuckett quote: 'It's impossible to distinguish between these readings. We will have to find our evidence elsewhere.'
John 20:31 shows: True purpose is Chritological; scholars believe John was written c. 90 AD. when Christian faith was first established
Written for 3 audiences: Jews - hard to believe that man is God in flesh, God's incarnate Greeks - hard to believe Gods anything to do with humans Gnostics - need to know basis
Miracle signs: Jesus bought Lazarus back from the dead (J11) Jesus healed a man born blind (J9)
His miracles were a sign of... ...his deity for a Jewish reader
E. K. Lee quote: 'Through miracle, word and symbolism Jesus Christ demonstrates in John that he's God's incarnate.'
Historical background for John + Christianity > (J21) Peter + John in competition out of first to see Jesus risen from the dead > By c. 90 AD there was Eastern/Western Church (Ephesus + Rome)
John has no account of... ...the last supper
A. Goulding suggests: G. Barnkamm suggests: > Written to be read at Christian keeping of the Passover > Homily read at Easter time, Thurs before Good Friday
D. E. Nimeham quote: 'Gospels are extended passion narratives but John was a narrative designed to be read during early Christ Eucharist.'
Clement of Alexandria notices... ...polarities in the gospel which appeals to Gnostics
It is a... ...'spiritual gospel' written after the others - it's spiritual with supplemental properties, contrasts light/death etc... Often accepted as the purpose
Hick, 1964: 'Now we believe that thou art a being than which nothing greater can be thought.'
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