1.) Introduction (Ling Tut)

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Linguistics Flashcards on 1.) Introduction (Ling Tut) , created by Lisza Neumeier on 10/17/2016.
Lisza Neumeier
Flashcards by Lisza Neumeier, updated more than 1 year ago
Lisza Neumeier
Created by Lisza Neumeier over 7 years ago
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Question Answer
What is linguistics? study of language
What's the focus? Focus on forms and functions of language -What form does language take? -How is language used?
Synchronic vs. Diachronic study of language synchronic: studies language at a certain point in time diachronic: studies languge over time
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive approach Prescriptive (normative): tells people how to use language Descriptive: describes how people actually use language (no value judgement)
Syntagmatic vs. Paradigmatic syntagmatic: -'horizontal' relationships between linguistic elemts -how linguistic elements can be combined paradigmatic: 'vertical' relationships between linguistic elements -what linguistic elements can be used in place of others
Axis of selection paradigmatic
Axis of combination syntagmatic
Langue vs. Parole Langue: language system -All people who speak a certain language share a langue. Parole: Language usage -the individual use of the language system in any given situation
Semiotics the study of signs
What is a sign? combination of form & meaning
signifier vs. signified signifier (sound sequence) signifies (concept)
three main types of sign Icon (iconic) Index (indexical) Symbol (symbolic)
Icon Form-meaning relation is one of similarity
Index Form-meaning relation is one of cause and effect; symptom
Symbol Form-meaning relation is arbitrary
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