Good Ecology Flashcards

D Arora
Flashcards by , created almost 3 years ago

Flashcards for the Ecology word list Stage 4. Saharsh's had too many typos.

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D Arora
Created by D Arora almost 3 years ago
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Question Answer
Define Abiotic The non-living components of an ecosystem eg. Air, water, soil, et cetera
Define Allelopathy A relationship where one organism produces chemicals that influence the growth, survival and reproduction of other organisms
Define Behavioural Adaptation An action that an organism carries out that enables it to better survive in its environment, e.g. basking in the sun.
Define Biodiversity The variety of all life forms on Earth.
Define Biological Control The reduction of a pest population by the introduction of another organism.
Define Biomass The total mass of all organisms in a given population.
Define Biotic The living components of an ecosystem, e.g. plants, animals and fungi.
Define Carnivore An animal whose diet consists primarily of other animals.
Define Cloning The process of producing cells or organisms that are genetically identical to the parent.
Define Commensalism A relationship in which one species benefits and the other is not affected.
Define Community A group of populations living and interacting with each other in an area.
Define Consumer/Heterotroph An organism that consumes food created by other organisms.
Define Decomposer Organisms that obtain energy by breaking down dead or decaying organisms.
Define Ecosystem A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
Define Environment The surroundings in which an organism lives.
Define Feral An organism or species which was once domesticated that is now surviving in the wild.
Define Habitat The natural home or environment of an organism.
Define Herbivore An animal whose diet consists primarily of plant matter.
Define Introduced species A non-indigenous species which is living outside its native area
Define Mutualism A relationship in which both species benefit.
Define Omnivore An animal whose diet regularly consists of both animal and plant matter.
Define Parasitism A relationship that benefits one species (parasite) and harms the other (host).
Define Photosynthesis A series of chemical reactions involving the conversion of carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen.
Define Physiological adaptation A process occurring within an organism that enables it to better survive in its environment, e.g. sweating.
Define Population A group of organisms of the same species who live in the same area at the same time.
Define Predator An organism that kills another organism for food.
Define Prey An organism that is attacked and eaten by a predator.
Define Producer/Autotroph An organism that creates its own food from photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.
Define Respiration A series of chemical reactions involving the conversion of glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide, water and energy.
Define Species A distinct group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of interbreeding to produce fertile offspring.
Define Structural adaptation A physical feature of an organism that enable it to better survive in its environment, e.g. fur or feathers.
Define Symbiosis Any close and prolonged interaction between individuals of two different species.