Population Change

yusanr98
Flashcards by yusanr98, updated more than 1 year ago
yusanr98
Created by yusanr98 almost 6 years ago
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GCSE Human Geography (AQA) Flashcards on Population Change , created by yusanr98 on 04/03/2014.

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Question Answer
Birth Rate The number of live babies born in a year for every 1000 people.
Death Rate The number of people who die in a year for every 1000 people.
Natural Increase Where the number of live births is greater than number of deaths.
Natural decrease Where the number of deaths is greater than the number of live births.
Population growth rate The number of people added to, or lost from, the population each year. This can be as a result of natural increase and migration.
Demographic transition model A diagram which shows how a country's population changes overtime. The model goes through five stages, with the population being stable before rising sharply, then leveling off, and then slowly decreasing.
Population pyramids A graph showing the age and sex of a population.
Sustainable development Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Young dependents The population aged under 15 and dependent on adults to care for them.
Working population Those aged between 15 and 64 who are eligible to work. This group is also called economically active.
Elderly dependents The population aged over 65 who may be (or become) dependent on others for care.
Dependency ratio The dependency ratio is a measure of number of people and those dependent on them. Children(under 15)+ Elderly (65 and over) *100 ____________________________ working population
Migration Movement of people from one place to another.
Migrant A person who moves from one place to another in order to find work or better living conditions.
Source country The country that a migrant comes from.
Host country The country that a migrant goes to, such as the UK.
Economic migrants A person who travels from one country or area to another in order to improve their standard of living.
Push factors A factor that can force people to leave their own country because of not enough jobs, low wages etc.
Pull factor A factor that can attract people to a new country because of better lifestyle, better wages etc.
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