Religious attitudes to crime and punishments

yusanr98
Flashcards by yusanr98, updated more than 1 year ago
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GCSE Religious Studies B (Religion and Morality) Flashcards on Religious attitudes to crime and punishments , created by yusanr98 on 04/03/2014.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Crime An offence that is punishable by law, e.g. stealing.
Duty A moral or legal obligation.
Responsibility A duty to care for or having control over something or someone.
Conscience The inner feeling you are doing right or wrong.
Crime against the person Wrongdoing that directly harms a person, e.g. murder,assault.
Crime against property Damaging items that belong to somebody else, e.g. vandalism.
Crime against the state An offence aimed at damaging the government or a country, e.g. treason.
Religious offence An offence against religion, e.g. blasphemy, sacrilege.
Punishment Something done to a person because they have broken a law.
Preotection Keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminals.
Retribution An aim of punishment - to get your own back : 'an eye for an eye'/
Deterrence An aim of punishment - to put people off committing crimes.
Reform An aim of punishment - to change someone's behavior for the better.
Vindication An aim of punishment that means offenders must be punished to show that the law must be respected and is right.
Reparation An aim of punishment to help an offender to put something back into society.
Forgiveness Showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong.
Repentance Being truly sorry and trying to change one's behavior so as not to do the same again.
Young offender A person under 18 who has broken the law.
Imprisonment When a person is put in jail for committing a crime.
Prison reform A movement that tries to ensure offenders are treated humanely in prison.
Death penalty Capital punishment; form of punishment in which prisoner is put to death for crimes committed.
Community service Unpaid work that an offender performs for the benefit of the local community rather than going to prison.
Electronic tagging An offender has to wear an electronic device which tracks their movement to ensure restrictions of movement are observed.
Fine Money paid as punishment for a crime or other offence.
Probation An alternative to prison where an offender has to meet regularly with a probation officer to ensure that they do not re-offend. Movement may be restricted.
Parole When a prisoner is released without having completed their sentence, because they have behaved well and accepted their guilt. The prisoner is monitored to try to ensure that they do not re-offend.
Life imprisonment A prison sentence that (theoretically) keeps people in prison until they die.
Early release When a prisoner is allowed out of prison even though they have not completed their sentence, or fulfilled the criteria for getting parole.
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