Geography Population Flashcards

Oliver H
Flashcards by Oliver H, updated more than 1 year ago
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KS4 (GCSE) Year 8 (Geography) Flashcards on Geography Population Flashcards, created by Oliver H on 04/28/2014.
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Question Answer
Population The population of the Earth is 7,162,119,000 + China is currently the most populated country.
Population distribution factors ❖ Weather/Climate - extremes ❖ Rivers - Transport, water source, food ❖ Natural resources - building/shelter, power ❖ Sea - transport, food ❖ Relief - easy to build, defense ❖ Location - close to other settlements
Population distribution in the UK ❖ Not evenly distributed ❖ Mostly concentrated in W. Midlands + SE of England ❖ Relief, rainfall, temp, roads and coalfields all affect the distribution.
Birth + Death rates ❖ Contraception ❖ Education ❖ Medicine ❖ Women's role in society ❖ Health ❖ Hygiene ❖ Conflict ❖ Government Policy ❖ Nutrition ❖ Natural Disasters
MEDC More Economically Developed Country
LEDC Less Economically Developed Country
Population Gain In the E, in the developing countries, there is a higher gain rate. In Europe + Eurasia, there is very little growth, with Germany losing population! In the far W, there is a High - Small gain.
The demographic Transition Model [Population change over time] pop_001a.gif (image/gif)
The stages of the demographic transition mode 1. Total population is low but it is balanced due to high birth rates and high death rates. 2. Total population rises as death rates fall due to improvements in health care and sanitation. Birth rates remain high. 3. Total population is still rising rapidly. The gap between birth and death rates narrows due to the availability of contraception and fewer children being needed to work - due to the mechanisation of farming. The natural increase is high. 4. Total population is high, but it is balanced by a low birth rate and a low death rate. Birth control is widely available and there is a desire for smaller families. 5. Total population is high but going into decline due to an ageing population. There is a continued desire for smaller families, with people opting to have children later in life.
Migration ❖ The movement of people
Migration Push factors ❖ Conflict ❖ Racism ❖ Disease ❖ Employment ❖ Resources ❖ Political fears
Migration Pull factors ❖ Employment ❖ Transp + Infrastructure ❖ Resources ❖ Education ❖ Lifestyle ❖ Climate ❖ Family
Gains + Losses for Host countries ✓ Brain Gain ✓ Culture enriching ✓ Illegal -> Low pay ✓ Do unwanted jobs ✗ Population strain [services/employment] ✗ Border patrol ✗ Racial tension
Gains + Losses for Host countries ✓ Relieve population pressure ✓ Financial - remittances ✓ Less competition for jobs ✗ Brain drain ✗ Vulnerable
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