Unit 1.1 Digestion

Bilal Khan
Flashcards by , created over 2 years ago

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Bilal Khan
Created by Bilal Khan over 2 years ago
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Question Answer
What are cells? Building blocks of all living things. 8dfd2610-9b5b-4f8d-b5b6-86451fbb30a4.jpg (image/jpg)
What is an organ? A group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapted to perform a specific function. 21f018b3-590a-4a92-9c0a-b83efd00849b.PNG (image/PNG)
What is the digestive system? The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. 8e36a20e-bf00-4ef0-a49b-5d25556fe6c2.PNG (image/PNG)
What is the respiratory system? Series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. 0e57465c-2879-45ac-921b-99dbbff896ec.jpg (image/jpg)
What is the circulatory system? The circulatory system is a vast network of organs and vessels that is responsible for the flow of blood, nutrients, hormones, oxygen and other gases to and from cells. a3abe278-00ce-4f17-96b3-954aeabea617.jpg (image/jpg)
What is the excretory system? The human excretory system functions to remove waste from the human body. c0771d25-4c7e-42e9-9d4b-c339a551f551.gif (image/gif)
What is the skeletal system? The framework of the body, consisting of bones and other connective tissues, which protects and supports the body tissues and internal organs. d844f422-01fe-416f-9535-5defe085e10f.jpg (image/jpg)
What are the 2 types of digestion? Mechanical and Chemical. a1f8f745-9a57-4a7e-ac9d-01d144445315.PNG (image/PNG)
Mechanical digestion mechanical digestion processes, such as swallowing and the muscular movements that move food through the digestive tract.
Chemical digestion Chemical digestion refers the to the breakdown of food in the mouth, stomach and intestines through the use of acids and enzymes.
What is saliva? Watery liquid containing a chemical that begins digestion of starch.
What is Bolus? Food rolled into a ball by tongue.
Types of teeth 6ef041d8-03b5-4599-adcb-60642bb217a4.PNG (image/PNG)
What is the oesophagus (food pipe)? A long muscular tube that starts at your mouth and ends in your stomach. Its function is to transport food and fluid, after being swallowed, from the mouth To the stomach.
What is Peristalsis? Peristalsis is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that move food to different processing stations in the digestive tract. a04a3dc8-1223-49c0-8105-6591fc2b2a3e.PNG (image/PNG)
What is the Epiglottis? A flap of skin in the oesophagus that stops food from entering windpipe.
What are Sphincters? Circles of muscle which Keep food from passing into the small intestine until it is properly mixed with digestive juices.
Gastric Juice The colorless, watery, acidic digestive fluid that is secreted by various glands in the mucous membrane of the stomach.
Hydrochloric acid Strong acid that that kills germs that have been swallowed.
Mucus Layer on the lining of stomach that prevents stomach for digesting itself.
Digestive Juices Juices containing chemicals that start the digestion of protein, the main nutrient found in meat.
What is the small intestine? Longest part of digestive tract it's up to 6 meters it gets its small name from its diameter which is only 3cm it absorbs digested food into bloodstream. f60f7ceb-6b9c-4197-b6ab-64180d42dba1.jpg (image/jpg)
What is the duodenum? The duodenum is an organ located just below the stomach and its functions include the continuation of the digestion process and the regulation of gastric emptying. The organ is a part of the small intestine.
What is the pancreas? The pancreas is a large and important gland behind the stomach close to the duodenum. It digests your food and produces insulin, the main chemical for balancing the sugar level in the blood. df36b61e-cf56-4506-90f7-82f682da29bf.jpg (image/jpg)
What is the liver? The liver is a large, meaty organ that sits on the right side of the belly. The liver has multiple functions, but its main function within the digestive system is to process the nutrients absorbed from the small intestine. 97e90873-99ad-4cda-90d8-ab6e72fa2ae4.PNG (image/PNG)
What is Bile? Bile is a digestive juice that is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.
What is the ileum? In humans, the ileum, which is the last and longest part of the small intestine, is where vitamin B12 is absorbed.
What is the large intestine? It's 1.5 meters long and 6cm to 7cm in diameter making it shorter but Wider than the small intestine. It is 1.5 meters long and 6cm to 7cm in diameter making it shorter but wider than the small intestine. 2bb4ec16-8ce1-4a54-a27d-548fedc47548.jpg (image/jpg)
What is the Anus? The anus is the opening at the far end of the digestive tract through which waste leaves the body. 9e48301e-0386-4b32-b00b-7caa7a812ac3.jpg (image/jpg)
What are digestive disorders? Digestive diseases are disorders of the digestive tract
Vomiting A quick way of getting rid of unwanted bacteria in the digestive tract. a2b6d8a1-7e15-4b53-95e8-0e07187b6b96.jpg (image/jpg)
Diarrhoea Diarrhea is usually a symptom of gastroenteritis, an infection of the bowel. Gastroenteritis may be caused by a virus,such as a norovirus or a rotavirus. bacteria. ad4ba2f4-2005-4fa3-8e45-294c758f87f6.jpg (image/jpg)
Heartburn Heartburn is caused by stomach contents backing up into the oesophagus. Obese people have more chance of getting heartburn. dc78d2cc-6611-4a11-a926-b18fc898a421.jpg (image/jpg)
Appendicitis Appendicitis is inflammation of theappendix, which is a thin pouch attached to the large intestine onthe right side of the abdomen. It is usually about the size of a finger. 6784e07f-ec1b-42b0-b5ab-61e1955072a2.jpg (image/jpg)