Organic Chemistry

camelia.tarcea
Flashcards by camelia.tarcea, updated more than 1 year ago
camelia.tarcea
Created by camelia.tarcea almost 8 years ago
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VCE Chemistry Flashcards on Organic Chemistry, created by camelia.tarcea on 05/19/2013.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Organic Compound An organic compound is one that has carbon as the principle element
Hydrocarbon a hydrocarbon is a compound consisting of only hydrogen and carbon, the bond can be single, double or triple.
Saturated hydrocarbons Satrurated hydrocarbons contain only single bonds
Unsaturated hydrocarbons Unsaturated hydrocarbons contain double or triple bonds.
Naming hydrocarbons 1-Meth 2-Eth 3- Prop 4- But 5- Pent 6- Hex 7- Hept 8- Oct 9- Non 10- Dec
Alkanes Hydrocarbons with only single bonds, have the formula CnH2n+2. Name ends with "ane"
Isomer Have the same molecular formula but different structure
Alkene Hydrocarbons with at least one double bond, formula: CnH2n Name ends with "ene"
Alkynes Hydrocarbons with at least one triple bond, formula: CnH2n-2
Cycloalkanes Are alkanes that have single carbon bonds which form a ring structure. Have the prefix "cyclo"
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