Enzyme Classification

ani.sangalang
Mind Map by ani.sangalang, updated more than 1 year ago
ani.sangalang
Created by ani.sangalang almost 4 years ago
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Description

Stoker, H.S. 1998. ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. Major and Subclasses

Resource summary

Enzyme Classification

Annotations:

  • Classification
1 Hydrolases
1.1 catalyze substrate hydrolysis reaction - addition of water molecule to a bond causing break
1.1.1 Lipases
1.1.1.1 hydrolysis of ester linkages
1.1.2 Proteases
1.1.2.1 hydrolysis of peptide linkages
1.1.3 Nucleases
1.1.3.1 hydrolysis of sugar-phosphate ester bonds in nucleic acids
1.1.4 Carbohydrases
1.1.4.1 hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds
1.1.5 Phosphatases
1.1.5.1 hydrolysis of phosphoester bonds
2 Lyases
2.1 cleavage without hydrolysis
2.1.1 dehydrases
2.1.1.1 removal of H2O from substrate
2.1.2 decarboxylases
2.1.2.1 removal of CO2 from substrate
2.1.3 deaminases
2.1.3.1 removal of NH3 from substrate
3 Oxidoreductases
3.1 Catalyze redox reactions involving substrate molecules(Addition of O or removal of H)
3.1.1 Oxidases
3.1.1.1 Removal of H molecule
3.1.2 Reductases
3.1.2.1 Addition of H molecule
3.1.3 Dehydrogenases
3.1.3.1 with participation of a coenzy,me (NADH, FADH2, NADPH, FMNH2)
4 Ligases
4.1 catalyze bonding of 2 substrates with ATP participation
4.1.1 synthetases
4.1.1.1 formation of new bond between substrates
4.1.2 carboxylases
4.1.2.1 formation of new bond between substrate and CO2; addition of a Carbon to the backbone
5 Transferases
5.1 transfer of a functional group between two substrates
5.1.1 Kinases
5.1.1.1 transfer of a phosphate group (identified with presence of ATP)
5.1.2 Transaminases
5.1.2.1 transfer of amino acids
6 Isomerases
6.1 conversion of a substrate into an isomer
6.1.1 racemases
6.1.1.1 D to L isomer
6.1.2 mutases
6.1.2.1 conversion into a structural isomer
6.1.3 epimerases
6.1.3.1 one sugar epimer to another
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