Heart Disease

Laurie Schroder
Mind Map by Laurie Schroder, updated more than 1 year ago
Laurie Schroder
Created by Laurie Schroder over 5 years ago
68
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Description

Mind Map on Heart Disease, created by Laurie Schroder on 07/04/2014.

Resource summary

Heart Disease
1 CVD - Cardiovascular Disease - Atherosclerosis affects the entire arterial system
1.1 CAD - Coronary Artery Disease - Atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries
1.1.1 Also called CHD - Coronary Heart Disease
1.1.2 Angina Pectoris
1.1.3 Myocardial Infarct
1.1.4 Sudden cardiac death
1.2 Causes: Atherosclerosis, altered myocardial function, arrhythmia, HTN
1.2.1 Altered myocardial function may be systolic or diastolic
1.2.1.1 CHF when accompanied by edema
1.2.1.1.1 Cameron Chapter 25
2 Common signs & symptoms: chest pressure, dyspnea, fatigue, syncope, palpitations
2.1 HTN is the most prevalent CVD
2.1.1 Review Stages & Values
2.1.2 Review Pharmacological Intervention
2.1.3 Pts with hypertensive heart disease present with exertional dyspnea, fatigue, impaired exercise tolerance, tachycardia, chest discomfort, and signs of heart failure
3 Myocardial Infarct
3.1 Referral to right chest, left jaw, sternal chest, left arm, epigastric region, and mid-back
3.1.1 Once "ruled in" for an MI
3.1.1.1 Keep the pt. stable and optimize wound healing of myocardium
3.1.1.1.1 Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty
3.1.1.1.1.1 Low intensity ambulation for 1-2 weeks and then exercise
3.1.1.1.2 Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
3.1.1.1.2.1 Much longer rehab period
3.1.1.1.2.1.1 Energy conservation
3.1.1.1.2.1.2 Sternal precautions
3.1.1.1.2.1.3 Posture, scapular retraction, fxnl shoulder movement
3.1.1.1.2.2 Saphenous vein, radial artery, internal mammillary artery
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