Heart Disease

Laurie Schroder
Mind Map by Laurie Schroder, updated more than 1 year ago
Laurie Schroder
Created by Laurie Schroder over 5 years ago


Mind Map on Heart Disease, created by Laurie Schroder on 07/04/2014.

Resource summary

Heart Disease
1 CVD - Cardiovascular Disease - Atherosclerosis affects the entire arterial system
1.1 CAD - Coronary Artery Disease - Atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries
1.1.1 Also called CHD - Coronary Heart Disease
1.1.2 Angina Pectoris
1.1.3 Myocardial Infarct
1.1.4 Sudden cardiac death
1.2 Causes: Atherosclerosis, altered myocardial function, arrhythmia, HTN
1.2.1 Altered myocardial function may be systolic or diastolic CHF when accompanied by edema Cameron Chapter 25
2 Common signs & symptoms: chest pressure, dyspnea, fatigue, syncope, palpitations
2.1 HTN is the most prevalent CVD
2.1.1 Review Stages & Values
2.1.2 Review Pharmacological Intervention
2.1.3 Pts with hypertensive heart disease present with exertional dyspnea, fatigue, impaired exercise tolerance, tachycardia, chest discomfort, and signs of heart failure
3 Myocardial Infarct
3.1 Referral to right chest, left jaw, sternal chest, left arm, epigastric region, and mid-back
3.1.1 Once "ruled in" for an MI Keep the pt. stable and optimize wound healing of myocardium Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty Low intensity ambulation for 1-2 weeks and then exercise Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Much longer rehab period Energy conservation Sternal precautions Posture, scapular retraction, fxnl shoulder movement Saphenous vein, radial artery, internal mammillary artery
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