Geography GCSE (Tourism) Mind Map on Antarctica, created by Celty Vanderford on 07/13/2014.
Celty Vanderford
Mind Map by Celty Vanderford, updated more than 1 year ago
Celty Vanderford
Created by Celty Vanderford almost 9 years ago

Resource summary

  1. Extreme Environment
    1. The coldest and the windiest place on the Earth.
      1. Only a few species can survive in this environment.
    2. People visit to see animals in their natural habitat
      1. Penguins
        1. Whales
          1. Seals
          2. A rapid increase in tourist numbers in the last 20 years
            1. 7413 tourists in 1996/1997
              1. 46000 in 2007/2008
              2. Activities
                1. Kayaking
                  1. Diving
                    1. Sledging
                      1. Climbing
                        1. South Pole
                          1. Using GPS to find exactly 90*
                        2. Scientific Research
                          1. Stations
                            1. Vostock-Russian
                              1. Dome Fuji-Japanese
                            2. Troubles caused by tourism
                              1. Helicopters and cruise ships scare animals
                                1. The spillage of fuel kill mussels and fish, as well as the birds that feed on them
                                  1. Tourists could accidentally introduce non-native species or diseases that could wipe out existing species
                                  2. Strategies
                                    1. The Antarctic Treaty 1961
                                      1. Countries are free to carry scientific research, but must share their results
                                        1. Testing of nuclear weapon and the dumping of radioactive waste are forbidden
                                          1. Has been signed by around 50 countries
                                            1. Designed to protect and conserve the area and its wildlife
                                              1. Since April 2009 only ships with fewer than 500 passengers are allowed to land there and a maximum of 100 passengers are allowed on shore at a time
                                              2. The IAATO
                                                1. Not compulsory, but most cruise ships sign it
                                                  1. Supervising the tourists so they
                                                    1. Do not go within 5 metres of penguins
                                                      1. Do not walk on lichens
                                                        1. Do not leave litter or waste
                                                        2. Tour operators hire as tourist guides and lecturers people who have worked out carried out research, who instill responsibility into their passengers
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